Alzheimer Disease

 

 

 

 

 

How it affects the family and the children around the patient suffering from the disease.

 

 

 

 

 

 

Sample Solution

Alzheimer Disease

Alzheimer`s disease is a progressive neurologic disorder that causes the brain to shrink (atrophy) and brain cells to die. Alzheimer`s disease is the most common cause of dementia, a continuous decline in thinking, behavioral and social skills that affects a person`s ability to function independently. There is no treatment that cures Alzheimer’s disease or alters the disease process in the brain. Medications may temporary improve or slow progression of symptoms. When a family member is diagnosed with Alzheimer`s disease or other dementia, the effect on your entire family can be overwhelming. The diagnosis can trigger a range of emotions including anger, fear, frustration and sadness. There are also many decisions to make about treatment, care, living arrangements, finance and end-of-life care. As a result, conflicts are common.

While a set of frameworks complement and build on each other, the delineation of the concept focuses heavily on vertical versus horizontal dimensions in a time-sliced fashion. That is, time dimension in accountability has not been of primary importance. However, it is worth noting that the time dimension is closely interrelated with a series of conceptual distinctions made in previous literature, and it may cover complementary aspects of the question concerning two sequential lines represented by administrative responsibility versus political accountability. First, the positioning of accountability actors depends on the time dimension. Civil servants usually have longer terms to serve the public interest over the long term. At the same time, they are responsible to the elected representatives of the public who tend to have “a limited time horizon” and “prefer policies that yield tangible benefits for constituents in the near term” (Posner, 2004: 137). For this reason, the priorities expressed by elected officials may be far more related to short-term issues and temporal problems instead of long-term solutions, whereas the long-lasting forms of civil service personnel would prioritize sustainable solutions to secure a long-term perspective of the citizens, both current and in the future. Second, the time frame is essential to distinguishing between two main streams of accountability. Accountability mechanisms focus predominantly on retroactive accountability for the past outcomes, while accountability as a virtue takes a proactive approach to ensuring ethical behaviors in the future. The timeline is also useful to distinguishing between ex ante accountability of the decision-making process leading up to the decision and ex post accountability where the results available from the decision already taken or where questions of compliance are identified and addressed. In other words, ex ante accountability refers to being accountable for the decision before an administrator act, while ex post accountability is suggestive of situations where administrators are accountable for the outcome of their decisions. For example, the focus of traditional bureaucratic administration is very much