APNs and State Regulations

Develop a personal philosophy and framework acknowledging professional and accrediting agency competencies relating to the role and scope of practice of the family nurse practitioner. Identify a nurse theorist or professional accrediting agency that provides the foundation for this philosophy development.

Describe the type of educational courses and professional requirements required for APN professional certification and licensing within the state that you will practice in and compare to at least one other state for evaluation purposes.

Identify the precise application process for boards, your state regulations for application for prescriptive practice, and issues related to APN practice within your state.

Evaluate and discuss APN roles and prescriptive privileges and impact on client safety and care
Compare the differences between prescriptive authority, credentialing, and clinical privileges and how each of these impact client safety and care

Evaluate the development of the advanced practice nurse role from a global perspective. Compare at least 2 countries and how similar or dissimilar the APN roles are in other countries.

Sample Answer


Supply of Services

The legitimate connection between the gatherings must be clear. The Consumer Rights Act 2015 (CRA) characterizes a buyer as "an individual representing the reasons that are entirely or for the most part outside that person's exchange, business, specialty or calling". As clear by the realities, there is a development of an agreement for supply of administrations between Sandeep as the customer, and the Tiptoe Movers as the dealers with the end goal of the CRA 2015.

Nature of administration under statutory law

A stock of administration must be of agreeable quality under the CRA 2015 whereby principles of administration performed by Tiptoe Movers should in this way legitimately fulfill. Area 49 of the CRA 2015 confirms that the standard of administrations performed must adjust to sensible consideration and aptitude. The administration performed must be finished in understanding to the data settled upon with the shopper whereby the purchaser depends on this data. Albeit exacting risk can happen in regards to cost and time for a help, sensible consideration and expertise required can't be avoided under the CRA 2015 and different confinements might be dependent upon a decency test. Such test may consider the degree to which then explicit terms seem 'straightforward and unmistakable'. Since the CRA 2015 doesn't plan to challenge costs of an agreement, "a fixed entirety of close to the complete agreement cost" may seem relative however not really out of line. Sandeep and Daniel will contend that the referenced obligation of care has not been finished by the Tiptoe Movers nor carried out the responsibility performed adhere to the guidelines of the administration, if accepting trade of data occurred pre-contract (Sandeep's phone discussion), or as expressed in the agreement. The absence of sensible consideration and aptitude is upheld by the way that the Tiptoe Movers showed up hours after the fact at that point concurred on and the administration was additionally not completely finish by the reality of not setting every one of the assets where it was chosen.

Legitimacy of exception proviso

The motivation behind exclusion conditions in contract is to expel any obligation if there should arise an occurrence of break of the agreement or to constrain harms accessible to guarantee. The area of the condition is significant since a shopper will know about the proviso, in this way sensible advances may should be taken to make mindful of the statement. In specific cases, barring obligation may require a more prominent level of notice to be given. All together for the Tiptoe Movers to utilize the exclusion provision as a safeguard (fractional at any rate), it must be fused in the agreement, express what it covers and not be in opposition to any law. For Sandeep's situation, it is given in the situation that Sandeep signed an agreement where the condition was found however didn't know about the statement. The fuse of an exception condition took impact as a result of marking it, except if it was prompted as method for distortion. Despite whether Sandeep read it or not the condition was available at the time, in this way discoverable. The principle issue is to think about whether this exception provision covers the circumstance that happened.

Decency Test

The test for decency is initially under the Unfair Contract Terms Act 1977, yet in addition inferred in the current CRA 2015. The test means that term in an agreement may esteem as unreasonable if causing out of line jumping between the gatherings. When the term was conceded to must be considered, just as some other terms the agreement relies upon and motivation behind the agreement. In light of this, one of the realities to consider is that Sandeep might not have equivalent bartering capacity to the Tiptoe Movers. At precedent-based law, the special case statement must be clear however Sandeep didn't think about it, so would it say it was evident enough? The exclusion provision means to bar 'misfortune, howsoever emerging' that may not be discovered fitting to the errand of moving others' effects. While the exclusion proviso doesn't explicitly specify carelessness, it might add up to an endeavor to preposterously avoid risk. The proviso isn't altogether pulled back from duty since it does express a recuperation cost dependent on the expense of the agreement. On the off chance that one has important belongings, it would rely upon the purchaser to expand the sum if there should arise an occurrence of useful concerns.

Obligation of care (carelessness)

In certain conditions, making the disappointment fulfill the norms of value or wellness, exception statements of obligation are not allowable. The kind of damage to the things ought to be inspected under carelessness under area 65(4) and 63 of CRA 2015 climate the term would fulfill the trial of sensibility. At precedent-based law, the general test expects answer to as whether the damage being referred to seemed to be 'sensibly predictable'; was adequate closeness among gatherings and it would be 'reasonable, just and sensible' to uphold obligation on the reacting party. A certified obligation of sensible consideration keeps up while having ownership of one's property for some reason. In Sandeep's and Daniel's case, the effects seem demolished because of the Tiptoe Movers' inability to practice the necessary sensible consideration as the firm was in a surge and was dropping boxes.


The honor of harms is to placed the inquirers into the position they 'would have been in had the agreement been performed'. On the off chance that the condition considers not preposterous and uncalled for, at that point Sandeep and Daniel can go similarly as bring a case for carelessness against the Tiptoe Movers. In any case, the 'sensibility test' if there should be an occurrence of carelessness is dictated by additionally the target test in court.


Supply of administrations

There is development of a customer contract among Sandeep and Martin as obvious by the installment in return to introduce bookshelves. Obligation of care emerges concerning the bookshelves to be appropriately introduced by Martin. Then again, item obligation for the production or spot of procurement ought to likewise be inspected.

Nature of administration under statutory law

Area 49 of the CRA 2015 requires a help performed to fulfill the standard of sensible consideration and expertise. Comparable necessities concerning merchandise will apply. Directions or data about the portion of the bookshelves should have been settled upon before the agreement and the data passed on must on be depended on. Be that as it may, due lacking realities about the gatherings' authoritative terms, assurance concerning nature of administration will be drawn closer as relative.

Obligation of care (carelessness)

The bookshelves fall on Daniel and making individual damage him brings up an issue of carelessness. The sensibility test might be inspected as above. One issue to reevaluate inside the test is whether Sandeep and Martin have equivalent dealing power on the current issue. Here, Sandeep provides Martin guidance on how the bookshelves are to be put, to which Martin doesn't object.There is proof of adequate closeness between the gatherings however with respect to damage to be sensibly predictable is dubious however Martin is a craftsman, from whom one may hope to depend on for his skill and information for what is proper for the errand.

Item obligation

It might be worth to inspect the state of the racks expected for private use. The Consumer Protection Act 1987 (CPA) powers a severe risk for imperfect items obtained whether from a maker or the producer. A customer may bring a case against the maker for faulty products dependent on the obligation of care. Similarly likewise with closeout of merchandise, an item should not be discovered 'unfit for reason' or of 'inadmissible quality' in any case if there is any shortcoming on the purchaser's part. In like manner, wellbeing and fittingness of the item suggests as terms into the buyer contract. Area 2(1) of the CPA 1987 harm is built up where "any harm" happened because of the item. The situation isn't sure yet regardless, Sandeep would then build up the equalization of probabilities; to be specific, the deficient item (racks) completely or incompletely caused the wounds Daniel. It very well may be thought about whether Sandeep demanded utilizing the racks so that was not fit for the careful reason (without noticeable sections and the manner in which it is fused), following back to products of offer situation (see underneath, area C)

Other risk and Damages

Under the Consumer Protection Act, selling flawed products can be a criminal offense. With exemption of area 49, severe authoritative obligation may emerge concerning the palatable quality and fit for reason. In White v. John Warwick and Co. [1953] 2 All ER 1021, the thing being referred to was regarded as unfit for the reason for which it neglected to be sheltered too. There might be a simultaneous obligation here too. Harms can be accessible and Daniel may recoup pay for any close to home damage.