Compare and contrast Confucianism and Daoism in terms of history, teaching and
belief, and customs and practices. Not at least 3 points of important similarity
between them and at least 3 points of important difference for each about their
uniqueness and difference.
This should present a substantive explanation, not a superficial one — i.e., don’t
just list or report, but describe, elaborate, explain, and illustrate.
For each one, should it really be classified as a religion? If not, why not? If so, why?
What kind of religion is it? Again, don’t just tell, explain and support your answer.
Confucianism and Daoism in terms of history
The two great indigenous philosophical and religious traditions of China, Daoism and Confucianism, originated about the same time (6th-5th century BCE) in what are now the neighboring eastern Chinese provinces of Henan and Shandong, respectively. Both traditions have permeated Chinese cultures for some 2,500 years. Both are associated with an individual founder, though in the case of Daoism the figure, Laozi (flourished 6th century BCE), is extremely obscure, and some aspects of his traditional biography are almost certainly legendary. Daoism and Confucianism arose as philosophical worldviews and ways of life. Unlike Confucianism, however, Daoism eventually developed into a self-conscious religion, with an organized doctrine, cultic practices, and institutional leadership. While Daoism emphasizes belief in nature and dealing with life in a natural manner, Confucianism is based on human conduct as opposed to religion and belief in God.