Critically compare three major sociological explanations in explaining illegal drug use.
Crime and deviance
To know how to reduce drug use, we must first know what explains it. The major explanations for drug use come from the fields of biology, psychology, and sociology. Sociological explanations emphasize the importance of certain aspects of the social environment – social structure, social bonds to family and school, social interaction, and culture – or drug use, depending on the type of drug. The three major sociological explanations in explaining illegal drug use include: functionalism, conflict theory, and symbolic interactionism. Functionalism – drug use is functional for several parties in society. It provides drug users the various positive physiological effects that drugs have. At the same time, both legal drugs and illegal drugs contribute to dysfunctions in society. Conflict theory – much drug use in poor urban areas results from the poverty, racial inequality, and other conditions affecting people in these locations.