Data Analysis

Interpret the results from the analyses you have performed thus far. Some of this may involve some repetition from your earlier submission of your preliminary analysis. The purpose of this submission is to demonstrate that you have moved further along in your analysis and are ready to provide an interpretation of results that are useful for your original questions in your proposal. In your previous submission, you may have encountered issues in your analysis that have hopefully by now been resolved. The paper should look pretty close to the completed paper.

This submission should include:

A brief summary of the problem you are addressing
A complete discussion of all analyses you have conducted thus far. Much of this can be taken from your earlier submission on your preliminary analysis, along with any changes you have made to your earlier analyses and any additional analyses you have conducted.
An interpretation of the results of your analyses, including:
Interpretation of any statistical results (e.g. coefficients from regression, odds rations, ANOVA tables, etc.)
Interpretation of fit statistics of the results (p-values, R-squared values, AUC, etc.)
Visualizations to help clarify the output of your analyses. These could include (but are not limited to):
Plots of dependent versus independent variables
Average values of target variables for different categories of independent variables
Heat maps
Discussion of the implications of these results.
How are they valuable in answering your original questions?
Do the results provide answers to the questions you originally asked?

Comments from Customer
This is the requirement for preliminary analyses:
Briefly discuss the problem you are addressing and the questions you are trying to answer. Much of this can be carried over from your proposal with some modification.
Discuss the data that you are using
Where did you get it?
What fields does it contain?
What does each row in the data contain
What did you have to do to get the data into a format that is ready for analysis
Discuss the types of analysis that you have run to attempt to answer your questions.
Provide some output of each analysis. This could include:
Statistical output, if a statistical output is conducted
Aggregate tables
A brief discussion of the preliminary findings
Are the analyses you have run helpful in answering your question?
Has your preliminary analysis made you re-think any of your original assumptions or the questions you are trying to answer
What is your next step? What additional analyses will you run?


Sample Solution

security. The issue with the broader view of human security is that it often refers to threats already identified in human rights law instead of acknowledging new threats, state duties or remedies to human insecurity. The narrower view of human security may thus provide for better understanding in identifying new or more severe threats aimed at focusing on every individual. A narrower view of human security was proposed in the 1994 United Nations Development Programme (UNDP) which identified universal threats to human wellbeing. There are essentially seven issues associated with human security: economic security, food security, health security, environmental security, physical security, community security, political security (United Nations Development Programme, 1994). The UNDP identified not only individual threats, but collective threats that are not direct human rights abuses, such as climate change but affect the lives of many individuals (ibid). Human security thus adds to human rights law and establishes a framework of analysis for states and international organisations to ensure the promotion of human rights and democratic values through new actions such as the Responsibility to Protect Doctrine (R2P). This doctrine attempts to legitimise and normalise international intervention when states are unable or unwilling to protect its own citizens (Howard-Hassman, 2012). R2P suggests that sovereignty is not a right, but instead demands states to provide protection and security to their citizens. Even when states have ratified human rights instruments it does not mean they are to prioritise one right over another right. Human security aims to ensure that states do not abuse this power and instead makes sure that all rights of the individual, no matter how trivial, are protected. This is an important element of political science as often law is considered to be the biggest protector of human rights. It further unites diverse states, agencies and NGOs who aim at safeguarding citizens’ rights under international law without having to resort to force. This has proved successful in a many UN peacekeeping operation including Cambodia, El Salvador and Guatemala whereby basic security has helped end conflicts and the destabilisation of many states (United Nations Peacekeeping, n.d.). The narrow view of human security, therefore, advances human rights law as it provides concrete objectives and offers a framework of analysis that directly helps in promoting human rights standards and take new actions to counter new threats. Although human security aims at promoting and protecting individual rights, particularly when states are unwilling or unable to do so, there are criticisms it faces in regard to the extent to which these rights are actually protected. Howard-Hassman (2012) has argued that the human security discourse has the potential