What was the justification for the widespread deinstitutionalization of mentally ill patients beginning in the 1960s, and what are some of the effects that are major societal problems today? What might be a solution to one or more of these societal problems?
Starting in 1966, deinstitutionalization was a government policy of removing mentally ill persons from government institutions to federally and community managed mental centers as a way of improving on the treatment of those who were mentally ill, while also reducing government expenditure on the same. The development of psychiatric drugs and the society acceptance that mentally ill people needed medication rather than being locked gave impetus to the idea of deinstitutionalization. This method of treating the mentally ill people had numerous pros and also cons in similar breath. This paper takes pleasure in dissecting the effects, pros and cons as a method of treating mental illness.