Disaster in the Community.


1. Identify and discuss the types of disasters.
2. Mention and discuss two natural or man-made disasters that recently occurred and discuss how they affect the community health.
3. Discuss the stages of disaster management.

Sample Answer

A disaster is a sudden, calamitous event that seriously disrupt the functioning of a community or society and causes human, material, and economic or environmental losses that exceed the community`s or society ability to cope using its own resources. There are four major disasters which include natural diseases like floods,

In 1989 when Slobodan Milosevic became President of Serbia he diminished the self-governance conceded to Kosovo, and debilitated the interest of Albanians out in the open employments. At the point when the Kosovo Albanian pioneers heard this they began withdrewing from every single open establishment and made new administrativestructures. This lead to a presentation of an independant and sovereign Kosovo state on 19 October 1991 by the Kosovo Albanian pioneers. Anyway this affirmation was just perceived by Albania and would not prompt a sovereign autonomous State of Kosovo. after 17 years on 20 February 2008 the Assembly of Kosovo embraced the Kosovo assertion of independance, which announced that Kosovo would be free from Serbia. This affirmation was perceived by nearly al of the European nations and furthermore by the United States. Anyway for Kosovo to turn into a state she must be made legally and satisfy the criterea of statehood emerging from The Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States.And for what reason is acknowledgment for Kosovo as another conceived State so significant.

On 26 December 1933 a bargain was marked at Montevideo in Uruguay which is known as The Montevideo Convention on the Rights and Duties of States. This settlement gives the conventional criterea for statehood. In article 1 of the Montevideo Convention the four criterea are giving that must be satisfied by the element so as to discuss statehood. These criterea are:

There ought to be a lasting populace.

There ought to be a characterized domain

There ought to be a legislature.

There ought to be the ability to entomb into relations with different states.

Critereon 1 ought to be deciphered as the populace in a specific land needs to possess the land for all time, so exiles who are living on a domain with the aim not to remain there however coming back to their homecountry can't be viewed as perpetual and furthermore the region which is guaranteed by the populace should be livable so it needs to make live on that region possible.Furthermore there is no base for the quantities of individuals living on the region, genuine guides to show this are Nauru and Tuvalu.Kosovo has a lasting populace comprising of 1.8 milion individuals in 2013, consequently there is no uncertainty that they fullfill the first criterea. For the second rule there is no base size for the region, similar to Nauru and Tuvalu both are states with the size of there domain not greater than 25 square kilometers. So a definid region is neccessary for Statehood, anyway this doesn't mean there should be a landfrontier which is acknowledged by neighbor states. This standard was additionally perceived in the North Sea Shelf Cases by the International Court of Justice. Kosovo likewise fullfills this criterea on the grounds that they were at that point in 1974 given the status of a region which is independent in the Yugoslav Constitution and along these lines you can talk about a characterized domain which has her very own boondocks. For the third foundation there should be an administration which should be part in two separate components.First there should be an organ which controls the relations in the network and furthermore needs to guarantee that the standards are followed. Furthermore this organ needs to excercise state authority over the region and the individuals who live in that region hence they have to build up and keep up a lawful request. Kosovo has an administration which is popularity based picked by its residents. The decisions were sorted out in June 1999 by the UN, EU and other global bodies and these bodies likewise had the undertaking to direct the races. Despite the fact that the administration of Kosovo had been picked democraticly, they couldn't manage its inward undertakings without consent or control from the International bodies I referenced before. Anyway on June 2008 another constitution went into power which changed a great deal, significant forces were givin to the Kosovo government. Starting now and into the foreseeable future the president would report the new laws, they would arrive clergyman of remote undertakings and sort out their very own elections.The last foundation is that Kosovo needs to have the ability to go into relations with different states. This standard conferms the presence of the etnity of Kosovo and it shows the significance of acknowledgment by other states.It is a basic component for a State to have the capacity of making legitimate relations with different states it shows that the state is freedom. Kosovo has been perceived by 96 nations on the planet which incorporate nearly al the European coutries and the United States.So Kosovo likewise satisfies the last rule a can be viewed as a state so they can appreciate the rights on statehood. Yet, for what reason is it so significant for Kosovo that they have been perceived by al these nations, and how does acknowledgment occur?

There are two hypotheses on acknowledgment the 'constitutive' and the 'declatory'theory. The constitutive says that acknowledgment doesn't happen naturally a state can possibly been viewed as a state in the event that it has been perceived by a gathering of different states. Subsequently without this acknowledgment the new state doesn't exist when you take a gander at it from a lawful point of view. The declatory hypothesis which is the most bolstered method for acknowledgment in the global network is simply tolerating a previously existing state it relies upon actualities. Kosovo fullfilld the criterea for statehood as I referenced before and thusly they are a state and acknowledgment by the declatory way just affirms this. It shows Kosovo that different nations have acknowledged them as states and accordingly they are dependent upon universal law as a state and have a place with the global network of states. Kosovo which can be viewed as a State and has been perceived benifiets from a ton of right. The Government of Kosovo can practice their capacity in their very own nation with no other nation of the worldwide network meddling. Different states need to regard the region of Kosovo her outskirts and are not permitted to have any hostility against Kosovo. Since Kosovo has been acknowledged as an individual from the International people group and under universal law they likewise benifit of the correct that all states are rise to and can go into global settlements, whitout another state compelling them. Kosovo can go into bargains with different nations who have remembered them, they can be arrangements with political purposes yet additionally prudent or a settlement which Kosovo goes into a partnership against wrongdoing with an other nation. Anyway universal rights and obligations didn't emerge in light of the fact that Kosovo got remembered it has essentially a political explanation . Much the same as article 3 of the Montevideo Convention on Rights and Duties of States appears:

The political presence of the state is autonomous of acknowledgment by different states. Indeed, even before acknowledgment the state has the option to protect its uprightness and autonomy, to accommodate its preservation and success, and subsequently to compose itself as it sees fit, to enact upon its inclinations, manage its administrations, and to characterize the ward and ability of its courts.

 

Sample Solution

 

The natural disaster category being divided into six disaster groups: Biological, Geophysical, Meteorological, Hydrological, Climatological and Extra-Terrestrial. A natural disaster is a sudden, catastrophic event caused by natural processes of the Earth. Different types of natural disasters include floods