Eyewitness Testimony

Eyewitness testimony is widely used in criminal cases and certainly exerts a great deal of influence over jurors’ thinking. However, research suggests that eyewitnesses are prone to making a number of mistakes. An examination of eyewitness testimony also serves as a good illustration of the constructive (or reconstructive) nature of memory. Some interesting material is contained in the following Web sites, and you certainly will be able to find much more.

After reading at least the above materials and thinking about this topic, write an essay of at least 800 words to the usual bright, but uninformed undergraduate student addressing the issue of how much confidence to place in eyewitness testimony, both from the general public and police officers.
-Why is eyewitness testimony so believable?
-Why are people so sure of what they saw?

Sample Answer

Eyewitness is a hotly contested issue in various disciplines like psychology, criminal justice among others. Despites it being influential especially in the corridors of justice, it is argued by most researchers that it’s the very unreliable source of informational data as far as the provision of evidence is concerned. This is because of the reliability of human memory is affected by biological and psychological issues ( Atkinson and Shiffrin,1968) which forms part of the larger information provided as an evidence. This essay examines how Eyewitness testimony is used in judicial systems, its impact on judgement and other very important aspects discussed herein.

Culture is a significant element of gathering decent variety that impacts correspondence. Culture is the incorporated arrangement of convictions, qualities, practices and correspondence designs that are shared by those associated inside a similar social gathering. Social assorted variety is the assortment of human social orders or societies in a particular locale, or on the planet in general. It is additionally alluded to multiculturalism inside an association (Konard et al. 2006). Evident social contrasts exist between individuals, for example, language, dress and customs, there are likewise huge varieties in the manner in which social orders compose themselves, in their common origination of profound quality, and in the manners in which they cooperate with their condition (Henderson, 2001).

Assorted variety in the Workplace:

Working environment assorted variety alludes to the division of the workforce into differentiation classes that include an apparent shared characteristic inside a given social or national setting and that effect possibly hurtful or advantageous business results, for example, openings for work, treatment in the work environment and advancement possibilities, regardless of employment related abilities and capabilities (Stockdale and Crosby, 2004). Decent variety can be characterized distinctively by various societies and associations. A perspective on business, association and human asset writing created three kinds of meanings of assorted variety: Narrow classification based definition (for example sexual orientation, racial or ethnic contrasts); general classification based definition (for example a not insignificant rundown of classes including such factors as conjugal status and instruction); and calculated decide definition that depends on assortment of points of view, contrasts in observations and activities (Thiederman, 2008). A portion of the differentiation classifications may either have a positive or negative effect on business and occupation prospects in various nations (Albrecht, 2001). Against the scenery of wide definitions, from one perspective, and the restricted ones on the other, creating a meaning of work environment assorted variety that will be pertinent and material in various societies demonstrates to be a test. Working environment decent variety concentrated on the similitudes and contrasts of the individuals that they bring to an association. It is generally characterized comprehensively to incorporate measurements which impact the personalities and viewpoints that representatives have, for example, calling, instruction and geographic area. As an idea, decent variety is viewed as inc