Eyewitness testimony is widely used in criminal cases and certainly exerts a great deal of influence over jurors’ thinking. However, research suggests that eyewitnesses are prone to making a number of mistakes. An examination of eyewitness testimony also serves as a good illustration of the constructive (or reconstructive) nature of memory. Some interesting material is contained in the following Web sites, and you certainly will be able to find much more.
After reading at least the above materials and thinking about this topic, write an essay of at least 800 words to the usual bright, but uninformed undergraduate student addressing the issue of how much confidence to place in eyewitness testimony, both from the general public and police officers.
-Why is eyewitness testimony so believable?
-Why are people so sure of what they saw?
Eyewitness is a hotly contested issue in various disciplines like psychology, criminal justice among others. Despites it being influential especially in the corridors of justice, it is argued by most researchers that it’s the very unreliable source of informational data as far as the provision of evidence is concerned. This is because of the reliability of human memory is affected by biological and psychological issues ( Atkinson and Shiffrin,1968) which forms part of the larger information provided as an evidence. This essay examines how Eyewitness testimony is used in judicial systems, its impact on judgement and other very important aspects discussed herein.