Compare and contrast formative and assumptive assessment. Provide an example of when it is appropriate to use each type of assessment.
How do setting and learner's needs influence the selection of formative and assumptive assessments? Provide an example of two settings and explain why a formative or assumptive assessment would be the best choice in those settings.
Formative assessment, formative evaluation, formative feedback, or assessment for learning, including diagnostic testing, is a range of formal and informal assessment procedures conducted by teachers during the learning process in order to modify teaching and learning activities to improve student attainment. Summative assessment, summative evaluation, or assessment of learning refers to the assessment of participants where the focus is on the outcome of a program. This contrasts with formative assessment, which summarizes the participants' development at a particular time.