Health Promotion And Risk Reduction


Discuss various theories of health promotion, including Pender’s Health Promotion Model, The Health Belief Model, the Transtheoretical Theory and the Theory of Reasoned Action.
List and discuss health behaviors for health promotion and disease prevention.
Apply and discuss the principles of transcultural nursing to community health nursing.
Apply and discuss the basic concepts of critical theory to environmental health nursing problems.

Sample Answer

According to World Health Organization (1986), Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. Health promotion utilizes theories and models to guide its practice. The difference between a theory and a model is that a theory is related to evidence-based knowledge and a model is built on this knowledge although it is presented as a process to reach certain targets.  This essay will discuss the theories and models of health promotion and how they prove to be significant to the practice.


I need to concede: I have needed to be well known since I was a youngster. There was never when I was not a performer. Since I could walk, I have been giving exhibitions for my family through singing, moving, playing drums, and understanding verse. You could state I was brought into the world an entertainer. Being well known has numerous sides to it however: it gives you regard, consideration, and cash. The regard and consideration part has been critical to me, yet the idea of acquiring heaps of cash has not been on my plan.

I can comprehend why I have been looking for regard and consideration since my initial youth. I was conceived in an undesirable state, to the say the least. In my first year of life, I needed to have two open heart medical procedures and a hernia activity. I was not contacted or seen that much in my first year, as I was living generally in a hatchery in an emergency clinic, with my family (for the most part my mom) close by. This implies I needed touch and the experience of being around individuals all in all. This left in a permanent mental engraving at the forefront of my thoughts. I needed to be known, to be viewed, to be given consideration. Truth be told, I figure most entertainers do what they do in light of profound seeded issues from their youth or immaturity.

A large portion of my innovativeness in my youth was coordinated towards music. I figured out how to play on a few drums, was an artist, an artist, and even made electronic music collections that were never advanced or sold. I made them for myself and demonstrated them to a couple of individuals. I have been odd that way: for the primary portion of my life, I communicated my imagination in different ways, however scarcely demonstrated it to anybody. Around 20 years of age, I began to grandstand my imaginative work. In any case, at an early stage, I longed for being a well known artist, selling out groups and being acknowledged in front of an audience. I enjoyed making weird, knocking beats with chill vocals over them. Sort of like dynamic and detached music simultaneously. I figured I may be the new Bjork or Radiohead. Be that as it may, for reasons unknown, despite the fact that I had dreams of getting celebrated, I seldom advanced my work, and was continually disparaging of what I was doing musically. I imagined that turning out to be well known would tumble from the sky. I innocently regarded that the status of big name a characteristic occurring after one had done virtuoso work.

Despite the fact that I remained musically slanted in my twenties, I turned out to be even more an essayist and writer. I previously centered around verse, composing a couple of sonnets for each day in my first year of dynamic writerly life. And, after its all said and done, I got a personality, and thought I would have been the following Keats, Pushkin, or what have you. I thought I was a stunning artist apparently. In any case, my fantasies about being a praised man of words was debilitated over and over by dismissal sees from diaries and magazines. Be that as it may, after the principal year, I began to get a few sonnets distributed in little, nearly obscure diaries. I kept on composing verse ravenously, and to present my work every so often to distributions, for the most part centered around the procedure of creation itself.

In the wake of getting 10-15 sonnets distributed in different diaries, magazines, and papers, I chose to compose a novel for the National Novel Writing Month challenge. By and by, my inner self was colossal, and I thought I would compose a perfect work of art with my first endeavor. Despite the fact that I completed a short novel inside one month, after I read through it the next month, I saw I had composed junk. The tale scarcely had a plot, strife, or amiable characters. I in the long run quit any pretense of attempting to alter it. After two years, I gave novel composing another attempt. That is to say, they state your first novel quite often sucks at any rate. In this way, I composed my second novel in around two months. I was sensibly happy with it, however on the third alter of it after about a time of chipping away at it, my workstation was taken, and all my altering work with it. I had a second alter saved money on the cloud, however around then and even now I feel also stigmatized to take a shot at it once more. In this way, my arrangements to turn into an acclaimed writer went down the channel.

I despite everything fantasized being a well known author, however. There are huge amounts of accounts of individuals coming up short at distributing their books, and afterward turning out to be top of the line writers. I was resolved to do likewise. I concentrated for the most part on verse after that catastrophe with my subsequent novel, and expounding on 15 short stories and 20 expositions also. I independently published a couple chapbooks of expressive verse over a time of around 10 years, and got more lyrics distributed in books, diaries, and magazines, however I was progressively critical about the verse world. I knew barely anybody read verse. It appeared the main individuals who read verse were artists, and scholarly stiff necks—yet I kept on composing for its sheer delight.

Around 2,000 expressive lyrics in, they decreased and littler. I in the long run landed at the haiku (normally three lines each), of which my dad was obsessed with. I started keeping in touch with them day by day and becoming familiar with the structure through different expositions. I even got a guide in haiku and began presenting my work to different diaries that concentrated on this kind. It was a troublesome procedure, as I believed I was beginning without any preparation. My tutor destroyed all my past thoughts regarding haiku, and it took me a decent while to comprehend the style and standards of this artistic expression. Be that as it may, after some time, I began to get distributed in significant haiku diaries (however the haiku network is enormous and worldwide, calling a haiku diary "major" is somewhat of an interesting expression). Subsequent to gathering my distribution credits from around 15 haiku diaries, I even turned into a coach of haiku online for growing writers.

I think the large turn for my "haiku vocation" was the point at which I won a Touchstone Award for Best Individual Poem in 2016 from The Haiku Foundation. I was stunned and excited that I had won it. It confirmed that I was on the correct way and that I had discovered my specialty. I later accumulated more honors from different challenges concentrated on haiku, tanka, cherita, and senryu, and distributed two books that included relative accomplishment inside the haiku world. One was profoundly close to home to me, as it was an assortment of haiku from my perished father and my own verse, interconnected through subjects. In the wake of finishing this work, I felt an incredible feeling of satisfaction, as though I had accomplished something amazing for myself, yet in addition I had raised the composing vocation of my dad. Further on, I began the Haiku Commentary blog, which is presently an apparatus in the network for investigation and distributing. You can say I got semi-renowned in the haiku world, for whatever that is worth.

Furthermore, how would I feel? Well I probably won't be Kanye West or somebody in the papers continually, yet I do encounter a degree of regard, consideration, and even cash that I can live with. The objective of being valued, each since I was housed in that hatchery in Seattle Children's Hospital has been accomplished. Do I think it is a sense of self excursion? I think yes and no. Without a doubt, in some capacity, it is a personality based action to attempt to turn out to be outstanding, however in another sense, I was figuring out how to be inside society as a reasonable part. Confidence need not be equivalent to sense of self. I think handling a balance for my low confidence was a fundamental activity.

Do I still sporadically dream of more prominent popularity? Sure I do. In the rear of psyche, I trust I have the stuff to become famous as an artist and entertainer all in all. I work on drumming and singing each day, and I reliably clutch my desire, in spite of my absence of exertion in needing to advance myself or make progress as an entertainer. In any case, having these drives in the rear of my psyche is sufficient for me right now as a semi-well known artist inside the haiku network. My enthusiastic requirement for acknowledgment and regard has been in all actuality, and in this manner, I can let my melodic dreams stew in my oblivious as long they need to.