Discuss various theories of health promotion, including Pender’s Health Promotion Model, The Health Belief Model, the Transtheoretical Theory and the Theory of Reasoned Action.
List and discuss health behaviors for health promotion and disease prevention.
Apply and discuss the principles of transcultural nursing to community health nursing.
Apply and discuss the basic concepts of critical theory to environmental health nursing problems.
According to World Health Organization (1986), Health promotion is the process of enabling people to increase control over, and to improve, their health. Health promotion utilizes theories and models to guide its practice. The difference between a theory and a model is that a theory is related to evidence-based knowledge and a model is built on this knowledge although it is presented as a process to reach certain targets. This essay will discuss the theories and models of health promotion and how they prove to be significant to the practice.