Idea of utilitarianism


1.You were introduced to philosopher Jeremy Bentham and his idea of utilitarianism in this unit’s readings. Analyze his ideas that a nation should do whatever is necessary to lead to the greatest possible happiness for the largest possible number of people in society and that man was a “calculating animal” who would balance pain and suffering versus gain when deciding to commit a criminal act. Do you agree with this? Argue your point using research to support your answer.

2.Based on the pure communist social model, how does capitalism lead to crime? Analyze and argue both sides of this issue.

3.Analyze whether developmental disabilities are a cause of criminal behavior. Take a stance on this issue and argue your point using research as support.

4.Describe, in your opinion, how a criminal personality is developed. No sources are required for this section.

5.Assume class division in society causes crime. What is a viable alternative to this system? Analyze and argue both sides of your proposed solution. In your answer, you should identify five major theoretical approaches of identifying criminal causes of behavior and describe which of these would support your proposed solution.

Sample Answer

 

To fathom crafted by Marx, we initially should take note of his liking with Hegel, an early German scholar. Hegel, the advocate of philosophical vision, kept up that humankind's improvement was just unmistakable throsugh breaking down conceptual philosophical classes. He was among the first to address the individual involvement with a philosophical sense; a factor of which Marx limitedly investigated in his later works. In letters to his dad Marx "plunged into the sea of Hegel" (Halewood, 2014, p.1). Marx was promptly brought into Hegelianism, trusting Hegel had prevailing with regards to "shutting the hole among 'is' and 'should' gave to German way of thinking by Kant" (Avineri, 1973, p.2). In any case, the fast industrialisation happening across France and Germany, made Marx financially question the abuse of the person in a workplace. Additionally, moving to London and encountering the rustic economy's breakdown and the terrible truth of manufacturing plant work "shaped his deep rooted interests in the social states of the mechanical laborer" (Morrison, 2006, p.36). This fuelled Marx's craving to break with the philosophical contracts of Hegelianism so as to seek after hypothesis comparable to financial matters. In spite of developing to loathe the hopeful point of view of Hegelianism, this doesn't expel its imperativeness in understanding Marx's work, as from Hegelianism stemmed Marx's crucial hypothesis of chronicled realism, the reason for his reality prestige thoughts encompassing of socialism.

Firmly dismissing the traditionalist structure of Hegel, Marx starts to disconnect history from its domains, supplanting the "applied system with another system of classifications" (Mepham, J. what's more, Ruben, D-H, 1979, p.5, for example, 'methods for generation', 'relations of creation, etc. Starting with the idea of the state as "a philosophical epitome of the soul of individuals" (Morrison, 2006, p.40) or the 'total soul' in Hegel's hypothesis. For Marx it was just feasible to decipher reality with the real world; he vivaciously encourages the connection of analysis to our material surroundings. This is obvious through his key reason of mankind's history-our reality; of which gets adjusted an