Juvenile Justice Discussion

How is the tension between individual rights and public order reflected in the juvenile justice process? How do both sets of concerns influence ideas for revision of the juvenile justice system?

States such as Texas, Louisiana, Georgia, Missouri, Wisconsin, Michigan, and New Hampshire consider the age of 17 to be the maximum age juvenile court will accept. Some states such as North Carolina and New York go as low as 16 as the maximum age a juvenile court will take on the case. Do you feel that this should be up to the state's or do you feel we should have uniformity across all states? Do you feel that juvenile courts should consider everyone under the age of 18 as a juvenile if they commit a crime?

Lastly, do some independent research on the case of Lionel Tate, 12-year-old boy out of Florida who was convicted of murder for conducting a wrestling move on a next-door neighbors child. Review the video link on Lionel Tate. In the case of Lionel Tate do you feel that he was mistreated by the Justice System and was unfairly charged as an adult? Do you think that his race could have played a role in his sentencing? If so please explain why you feel this way. Also, do you think that the economic status of a juvenile can play a role in the sentencing process?

Sample Answer


During the previous years, numerous universally addressed outrages (for example Watergate, the Chernobyl debacle, the Dutroux case, Enron/Arthur Andersen misrepresentation, Kerviel and the SociétéGénérale Banking embarrassment, Europe horsemeat shock) have surfaced. These have been the drive to wide-extending territory genuine inquiries regarding the job of morals in the present business and society. Additionally academicians of the promoting discipline have dedicated huge reasonable and experimental work to inquire about on these issues (for example Ferrell and Gresham, 1985; Hunt and Vitell, 1986). In spite of the fact that there is a huge assortment of writing that has been created with respect to morals in the commercial center, a lot of this examination focused for the most part on the dealer side (Laczniak& Murphy 1991; Whalen, Pitts and Wong 1991; Whysall, 1998, 2000; Wood 1995). By the by, purchasers are key patrons in the business procedure and not contemplating them in morals research could end in a halfway comprehension of that procedure as all parts of shopper conduct, for instance, procurement, use and air of merchandise or administrations have an inclination of having a basic moral component (Vitell, 2003). Consequently, the previous decade has started to yield an expansion in look into focusing on the purchaser side of the trade procedure.

Purchaser morals includes characterizing, understanding and scrutinizing shoppers and their conduct from an ethical observation. Late writing notices that buyer morals is ascending in significance affecting client decisions just as expanding the job of social developments in the market procedure (Thompson, Coskuner-Balli, 2007; Thompson, 2004; Buechler, 2010; Hollenbeck, Zinkhan, 2010). Most buyer morals contemplates have taken a gander at shopper deceitfulness. Not saying anything while getting a lot of progress, giving deluding value data and duplicating CDs are only a couple of instances of morally faulty purchaser rehearses. Since the negative conduct of customer is viewed as a significant theme in shopper inquire about, a considerable part of writing has risen up out of buyer morals since the progressive investigations of Muncy and Vitell (1992).

Shopper conduct is the fruitful marketers‟ energy and fixation. The shopper purchasing process shapes the center of the purchaser conduct hypothesis.

II. Moral Issues in Marketplaces

Taylor (1975) characterizes morals as investigation into the nature and grounds of ethical quality where the termmorality is taken tomeanmoral decisions, measures and rules of direct. Morals inside western convention can be followed back to the extent Plato (427-347 B.C.) and Aristotle (384-322 B.C.), as per Northouse (2004). Its root word ethos in Greek signifies "traditions, lead, or character". As expressed by Beauchamp and Norman (2003), "morals is a methodical endeavor, using motivation to comprehend our individual social and good encounters, so as to decide the guidelines that should administer human direct and the qualities worth seeking after in life".Hsing-Chau Tsenget al (2009) characterizes morals as the examination and theory of human lead with anemphasis on the assurance of either right or wrong.Therefore, morals includes defining,evaluating and understanding ideas of good and bad conduct.

Fukukawa (2003) expressed that there are two fundamental lines of approaches in the writing on moral issues in commercial centers: regulating draws near and spellbinding methodologies. The primary line, which is standardizing approach, is grounded in philosophical and hypothetical talk, and in discovering standards and rules for moral lead in the commercial center. The subsequent line, which is distinct methodology, utilizes information dependent on brain science to clarify the basic leadership process for moral circumstances in commercial centers. These two methodologies speak to various research viewpoints in attempting to get morals. The previous ones are worried about what people should do, while last ones are worried about what people really do when confronting moral circumstances (Fukukawa 2003).

II (a) Normative Approaches

Regularizing approaches are likewise called as philosophical methodologies. They accentuations on the assurance of 'viewpoint morals, recognizing moral standards and techniques for moral thinking that legitimize rules and decisions of what is good and bad' (Smith 1995).Perspective morals are determined and recognized by different moral speculations in reasoning. Coming up next are regulating moral hypotheses that have been applied to morals look into in the commercial center and rules that chiefs can pursue :

1. Vanity

It concerns moral standards dependent on the decency of personal responsibility and whereby the leader seeks after expansion for his/her wellbeing. Such choices might be assessed as moral, however the degree constrained distinctly to where other individuals have a similar intrigue or get no damage. However, a few choices bring about hurting the prosperity of different individuals from a general public and as an outcome can be seen as ethically flawed in a general public.

2. Moral relativism

It affirms that conduct can't be assessed as far as ethicality or rightness since one culture assesses choices uniquely in contrast to another.

3. Equity hypothesis

This hypothesis is bolstered by the rule of equivalent chances and their restrictive infringement. Each individual from a general public ought to be presented similarly to circumstance, riches and weight, however where those standards are obliged, allowable imbalances are to be reclassified.

4. Objectivism

It thinks about that morals and moral conduct are 'great' albeit probably not going to be obviously seen in 'this present reality. In this sense, chiefs are urged in any event to seek to make 'moral' choices and furthermore contradict 'exploitative' conduct.

5. Teleology

The outcomes are assessed by the level of avocation of social prosperity, not by the advantages of chiefs or different individuals from a general public. Henceforth, when conditions are plausible to settle on the correct choices for social prosperity, chiefs areencouraged to do so regardless of whether those choices don't bring about their own advantages.

6. Utilitarianism

It is one type of teleology. Its point is to accomplish benefits for different individuals from a general public just as for chiefs. Results ought to be of the best advantage or minimal damage to everyone in the general public. This hypothesis is well known and considered moderately simple to apply in business practice.

7. Deontology

Deontology depends on Greek way of thinking of morals and later reached out by Kant. It demonstrates moral obligations that a person needs to pursue under any situation. Separated from teleology speculations as far as its assessments, this hypothesis gives general standards to goodness and disagreeableness in a general public, while teleology rejects all inclusive standards for the best results by choices. Outcomes are not assessed in light of the fact that choice themselves are as of now predicated in the hypothesis.

8. Goodness morals

It is a partner of relativism, with the focal thought being the quest for prudence in moral basic leadership. In spite of the fact that there might be no outright good control, the point isn't to respond regarding all out good catastrophe, yet rather to think towards what ought to be accomplished for the perfect eventual fate of people or associations and for the prosperity of a general public. The way toward addressing and endeavoring to present moral principles or codes is accepted to lead towards progressively moral basic leadership.

9. Cross breed hypotheses

These hypotheses think about the equivocalness of genuine situations, and perceive the hazy areas of numerous moral problems; cases in which the use of a solitary moral standard or hypothesis is regularly unacceptable. Half and half speculations all in all accentuate the procedure of basic leadership in moral circumstances, for example, thinking and deciding a choice.

Pride and moral relativism are speculations which allude to expansion of advantages for people or individuals inside a similar culture. Vanity is utilized to characterize benefit augmentation and is much of the time called as Machiavellianism, while moral relativism explorescultural impacts on ethics.Both ideas have ramifications for morals examine in clarifying benefit expansion by associations and neglectful materialistic utilization (Rawwas 1996). Equity hypothesis, objectivism and utilitarianism think about the equalization of individual advantages and social prosperity. Regularly, these hypothetical points of view assess the wide range of individuals from a general public as far as moral decisions in basic leadership. Teleology, deontology and righteousness morals empower moral choices for the 'great' as characterized from inside these separate speculations. The speculations acquired a solid relationship of the significance of moral choices to the soundness of social prosperity.

Every hypothesis acquainted above can be said with be pretty much tricky in managing genuine circumstances (Fukukawa 2003). As a general rule, it is seen that there are different options accessible as a lot of decisions (choices) for some random moral circumstance. By looking at a circumstance, a chief may not simply apply one guideline as outlined in moral hypothesis yet assess various other options. The leader may then recognize these choices while remembering both the ethicality and consequence of a choice. This recommends circumstances looked, all things considered, are not basic and don't loan to the solicitation of a solitary hypothesis, or a lot of speculations, without fail. To manage such conditions, half and half speculations (Malhotra and Miller 1998) have been created to highlight on the procedure of the contemplated basic leadership process, rather than regarding deciding the integrity of the conduct. Cross breed hypotheses try to accentuate which basic among the choices ought to be increasingly significant in a specific circumstance.

                       Sample Solution



The juvenile justice system is a foundation in society that is granted certain powers and responsibilities. It faces several different tasks, among the most important is maintaining order and preserving constitutional rights for the juveniles. When a teenager is arrested the court becomes crucial in for his trial, conviction, sentencing, and rehabilitation. This paper examines the primary difference between the juvenile court system and adult court.