Choose a disease from the following and describe which laboratory tests are altered and how these alterations are related to its symptoms and pathophysiological processes.
Laboratory altered tests symptoms and pathophysiological processes
Cystic Fibrosis (CF) is an inherited condition that mainly affects the lungs, pancreas, and sweat glands. It causes the production of thick, sticky mucus that leads to recurrent respiratory infections and blocks the release of pancreatic enzymes, inhibiting the digestion of protein and fat. Laboratory tests may be used to screen for and help diagnose CF, to determine whether someone is a genetic carrier of CF, and/or to evaluate a person with CF to help manage the condition. The following can be used in testing for CF. Some states use on the IRT blood test, while others use IRT and CF gene mutation testing for screening. Positive screening results may be followed by sweat chloride testing for confirmation. CF Gene Mutations Testing – this testing may be used to screen the CF or to determine whether someone is a CF carrier.