Marie Curie

Write about this famous chemist, do a brief biographical sketch and then focus on their major scientific achievements.

Sample Answer

Born Maria Salomea Sklodowska in 1867, Marie Curie was a polish physicist and chemist who initiated pioneering research on radioactivity, becoming the first woman to win a Nobel prize and the only woman and person to win the decorated prize twice and the only person to achieve that fate in two separate scientific fields. In addition to that, Marie curie also became the first woman to become a professor at Paris university besides also being the first woman to be entombed on her personal qualifications. The story of Marie Curie is an interesting one, being the first person of so many kinds. My endeavor is to take through her personal achievements till the time of her unfortunate demise.


Greece, a land laden with struggle over her long and celebrated life. Greek topography has been both a gift and a revile from the beginning of time that stretches back to the sixth century BC. Greece has given the world numerous blessings, the main Olympic Games in 776 BC and traditional Greek culture, particularly reasoning, which impacted the early Roman Empire. (Friedman, 2011.) Classical Greece is commonly viewed as the support which gave the establishment of present day Western culture and human progress.

Greece is known for holding Europe's most established cash. Roughly 2,600 years prior Greece instituted the primary tradeable money on the European mainland, the drachma. Since Greece's commencement numerous monetary forms that had a place with possessing countries superseded this unique type of installment until the 1820's the point at which the drachma come back to remain, the drachma was at last supplanted with the Euro in 2002 (McGinnis, 2004.) How could a nation that established European money with establishes in old and scriptural occasions become the point of convergence in the inevitable close to disappointment of the European financial framework? What prompted the emergency that still takes steps to break up the EU as a typical cash element? Is a "Grexit" (A Greek exit from the EU) or a "Grecovery" (A Greek financial recuperation) the end game for the nation otherwise called the "Hellenic Republic?"

As indicated by George Britos, Greece accomplished five particular periods of its financial cycle beginning with development from post WWII over some undefined time frame extending from 1945 until 2010 during which time accomplishing a transient monetary development progress pursued by a long moderate decay and unexpectedly smashing post Eurozone passage. The monetary development and social advancement accomplished by Greece in the post WWII years eased back definitely after 1974 in light of the fact that numerous foundations supporting the proficient and free-showcase activity of vote based system were thrown away with the presentation of another communist constitution with exacting arrangements. (Bitros, 2013.) These approaches decreased competiveness choked development and the economy of Greece shrank radically from which it presently can't seem to recoup.

The main stage as appeared in figure 1 beneath happened in the years before 1974. The genuine development rate was roughly 6.9% which post WWII and an economy wrecked is an accomplishment unto itself this additionally implies in those years the economy about multiplied multiple times. The second stage which kept going from 1974 until 1981, the development rate dropped by almost half to around 3.5% which is as yet an entirely decent development rate. The third stage between the long stretches of 1981-1994 showed a development rate that scarcely surpassed a downturn rate with under 1% development in excess of a half decrease from the past period and about a 87% decay from the year's pre-1974. The forward stage, which kept going from 1994-2008 saw a slight uptick in monetary movement until 2008 and ultimately, the economy as of late entered a fifth stage with negative development rates which are averaging −3.2% during the periods 2009–2011. Generally speaking the development paces of the period 1954–2010 have pursued a negative pattern sinking from a high of 6.9% to a low of - 3.2% and decline in over 10%. In Fig. 1, this is demonstrated by the descending incline of the specked line, which relates to the accompanying condition:

%ΔGDP = 0.126T − 0.0006T2

(3.63) (−3.57)

¯R^2 = 0.23 D.W = 2.0 RHO = 0.185

(Bitros, 2013)

Fig. 1. The chronicled record of monetary development.

"Where the factors % ΔGDP and T separately speak to the rate change of GDP and the year; ¯R2 is the balanced coefficient of assurance; D.W represents the Durbin-Watson measurement; RHO is the autocorrelation coefficient, and the figures underneath the parameter gauges give the estimations of the t-measurement" (Bitros, 2013 pg 3.)

The timespan of financial development reflects the adjustments in human and physical capital. Figure 2 shows the time designs that look at the profitability for physical and human capital against all out components of efficiency since the 1960's. Capital topped around 1974, the high development rates came straightforwardly from increments in human and physical capital while capital decreased bottoming out in 1995. In the period 1974–1981, the pace of increment in the profitability of these two gainful components declined, with the result that the pace of monetary development backed off to a large portion of the normal pace of the past period.

(Bitros, 2013)

Fig. 2. The wellsprings of financial development (Bitros, 2013 pg 4.)

The range 1981–1994 saw financial development breakdown, the decrease in the profitability of physical capital was not offset the adjustments in efficiency from every single other source. From 1994 to 2008 the development of work profitability quickened fundamentally, however on the other hand physical capital expanded just reasonably, raising monetary development to the normal 1974–1981 rate. The decrease in all efficiency since 2008 clarifies the decay into the region of negative development rates.

This shows Greece comes up short on the regular capacity to create capital, there are practically zero common assets, spare the Aegean Sea, an absence of arable farmland and because of Greece's topography is far away from Europe's capital producing focuses. Greek port's that could be utilized for exchange are encompassed by mountains and bluffs making trade troublesome. This manages Greece no place for populace development, and adds to its failure to deliver a lot of residential capital. This, joined with the regionalized way to deal with political position empowered by rocky geology, has made Greece a nation that has been wastefully disseminating what minimal capital it has had for centuries. Moreover Greece comes up short on a solid working class to purchase products that would empower exchange (Friedman, 2011.)

Without a solid white collar class, and managing an inadequately managed hand of geology, exchange and financial matters by the mid 1970's Greece had arrived at a byway. It was run yet a military Junta that considered open decisions, the gathering that assumed control over the legislature from 1975-1981 utilized amazing financial sense to again develop complete generation of the economy and the commitment of work, even with a decrease in outside capital. It gave the idea that Greece would shake off the times of negative development and proceed develop. 1981 races saw an arrival to the group of Papandreou to the authority of the nation. This equivalent year Greece was permitted passage into the EC the then "European Community" a forerunner to the advanced European Union (Kulukundis, 2014.)

The participation into the EC enabled Greece to exploit various appropriations which the administration at that point used to purchase votes and influence general assessment to hold rule. In the challenge between the two predominant ideological groups during that period and the decades that pursued, the Greek common assistance part turned into the main manager of the nation as the quantity of individuals working for the administration expand to the point where it arrived at the most elevated level of open representatives of any work power in Europe, a full 25% of the populace dealt with the legislatures finance. Annuity plans, benefits, all to keep the legislature in control, a significant number of the laborers had no genuine obligations. Entire families were raised on the returns and came to rely upon the salary for over an age. It was here that the seeds of falsity were planted, the Greek people groups had at long last figured out how to maintain an unrealistic lifestyle and revel in abundance. It was currently that crushing plates in cafés, a motion commending waste for the wellbeing of its own, arrived at its pinnacle.