Nursing Discussion


You are assigned to care for a hospitalized patient diagnosed with HIV. While you are interacting with the family who resides in the home with the patient, the patient’s mother states she has concerns about the safety of the rest of the household. She reports using bleach to sterilize all of the household surfaces. Based on your knowledge, what information should be provided to the family concerning the risk of exposure when sharing the household with a person with HIV?

Write 200-300 words for the discussion. Use sources.

Sample Answers 

Awareness of HIV has increased over the last few decades that the disease has been into existence. Like any other disease, it has come with a lot of misconception and myths and therefore understanding of it must also be different. HIV is not an excuse. In such family that still exist in ignorance of the truth about transmission of HIV, then sensitization is needed. This paper will provide such critical understanding on matters transmission of HIV and robustly discuss the concerning risks.


Mill operator, and Achterberg (2000) built a various decision survey to asses the sustenance and nourishment name information among ladies with sort 2 diabetes mellitus who matured from 40 to 60 years. The inquiries were set from the simpler to the hard to encourage certainty among the members. The inquiries that measure the accurate learning were set in the first place pursued by the more troublesome inquiries (procedural information). The test was intended to be finished inside 30 to 40 minutes by generally respondents. The unwavering quality of the test was observed to be 0.80 dependent on Kuder-Richardson recipe 20(K-R 20). After this the thing examination of the first information test was finished. Three inquiries were erased from the test as a result of high record of trouble (two inquiries) and thing separation of just 0.20.The thing investigation for the modified adaptation of the test was done and the dependability of the test was observed to be 0.81 utilizing the Kuder-Richardson recipe 20 (K-R 20) equation. The updated test was directed to 43 ladies

Al Shafaee et al (2008) built up a survey to comprehend the Knowledge and impression of diabetes in a semi-urban Omani populace. 563 grown-up occupants of Omani town were talked with utilizing the survey. The last review instrument contained 24 things which were subdivided into 5 areas. The initial two segments secured the socioeconomics and medicinal history of the members. The third segment was for the diabetic members. It secured their diabetic history and glycemic control status. The fourth segment included learning with respect to the diabetes definition, signs and side effects, chance variables and difficulties. The last segment concentrated on the network mindfulness, the member's observation with respect to diabetes commonness, saw danger of creating diabetes and counteractive action. Likert-type reaction scale was utilized in the survey. To gather information that were generally absurd with a run of the mill Likert scale, open-finished inquiries were incorporated which pursued a shut finished inquiry. The poll was pre-tried and guided inside a comfort test of understudies and staff at the College. Considerable between coding understanding for the scale things was watched (r = 0.86, p < 0.001).

Heikes, Eddy, Arondekar, and Schlessinger, (2008) built up a Diabetes chance mini-computer for the U.S. populace to compute the likelihood that an individual has either undiscovered diabetes or pre-diabetes. The diabetes hazard number cruncher included inquiries on age, midsection perimeter, gestational diabetes, stature, race/ethnicity, hypertension, family ancestry and exercise. The instrument was approved utilizing the v-overlay cross-approval and by playing out an autonomous approval against National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey (NHANES) 1999–2004 information. The information was taken from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey. Two devices were manufactured utilizing various strategies. The two strategies were calculated relapse and grouping tree examination. The instrument that served the target of the investigation was then looked at and chosen. Order tree model was picked based on its proportional precision yet more prominent simplicity Parmenter, K., and Wardle, J. (2000)of use.

Dickson-Spillmann, Siegrist, and Keller, (2011) created and approved a nourishment information poll which was controlled on members over the age of 18. The survey at first comprised of sixty-four nourishment information things. Two methodologies were utilized for thing age. The main wellspring of things was through the meetings with the shoppers where they were gotten some information about sustenance and wellbeing. The second wellspring of things of things was proposals by Swiss nourishment specialists. Content legitimacy was tried by two nourishment researchers who inspected the inquiries after which a few things viewed as improper by the specialists was expelled and a couple of others were re-detailed for improved accuracy and clearness. Twenty things were held to manufacture the last nourishment information scale that included revelatory sustenance learning inquiries on calorie and supplement substance. Interior dependability was surveyed utilizing Cronbach's alpha.

Teede, Harrison, Teh, Paul, and Allan, (2011) built up a hazard expectation device to distinguish gestational diabetes among high-chance ladies in early pregnancy. The members for the examination were 4276 pregnant ladies who conveyed at Monash Medical Center, Australia. Recently recognized maternal Gestational Diabetes Mellitus hazard factors from huge epidemiological investigations were considered, including expanding age, expanding Body Mass Index, ethnicity, first-degree family ancestry of diabetes, previous history of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus GDM and history of poor obstetric result. Calculated relapse was utilized to investigate the information. It was seen that the ladies' clinical attributes were fundamentally related (p <0.05) with the predominance of Gestational Diabetes Mellitus.

Koontz et al., in the year 2010 created and approved a Questionnaire to Assess Carbohydrate and Insulin-Dosing Knowledge in Youth with Type 1 Diabetes. They built up a PedCarbQuiz (PCQ) survey by substance examination utilizing a board of 14 specialists. The board distinguished seven areas which was important for effective execution of adaptable basal-bolus regimens. Every thing of the area was surveyed and reexamined by the master board. Cronbach alpha and split-half testing was utilized to check the unwavering quality. Further the scores were corresponded with master evaluations, A1C, parent instructive level and unpredictability of insulin routine to survey the legitimacy of the poll. The last PCQ poll was a 20-30 minute, different decision, paper based, self-controlled survey that had 78 things.

Lai, Chua, Tan, and Chan (2012) built up the Diabetes, Hypertension and Hyperlipidemia (DHL) information instrument. Twelve experienced drug specialists and analysts defined the DHL learning instrument by utilizing the face and substance legitimacy. The analysts when through three drafts before they affirmed the last draft having 28 inquiries with 5 areas which was in the genuine or false structure. After this the last draft was directed on 20 rehearsing network and clinic drug specialists. It additionally included five diabetic patients in a tertiary clinic. This was done to acquire their input concerning the lucidity and pertinence of the instrument.

A sustenance learning poll for hefty grown-ups was created by Feren, Torheim, and Lillegaard (2010). The way toward building up the survey had four primary advances. The initial step was to advance a structure that included gathering writing survey about the learning of sustenance. This was done to depict the extent of the poll. After the data was gathered from the writing audit, four primary areas to survey the learning level were defined. The subsequent advance was to create the things dependent on the writing audit. 273 things were produced dependent on six existing sustenance information surveys and checked for substance legitimacy and face legitimacy by a specialist board. At last this brought about 98 things. The third step was to pilot think about the survey for inward consistency and thing trouble. This strategy decreased the things to 94 after interview from the master board. The fourth step was to test and re-test it for build legitimacy and reproducibility. The last poll had 91 things after the whole procedure.

A graphic research configuration was utilized by Okolie, Ijeoma, Peace, and Ngozi (2009) to comprehend the Knowledge of diabetes the executives and control by diabetic patients at Federal Medical Center Umuahia Abia State, Nigeria. The example included 96 diabetic patients who went to Federal Medical Center Umuahia during the season of study. The instrument utilized for information gathering was a poll that was built in the wake of experiencing the ongoing writing on diabetes learning and self-administration. The face legitimacy was evaluated by five Nigerian enlisted nurture after which a pilot test was directed at another emergency clinic. The poll was likewise tried for the unwavering quality by re-testing it before the examination.

Enclosure, Veloski, Chatterton, Gevirtz, and Nash (2000) created and approved a poll to assess quiet fulfillment with diabetes malady the executives. To build up the diabetes Management Evaluation Tool (DMET) the things estimating diabetes illness the board were distinguished by a specialist board of medicinal services experts who perceived the 14 noteworthy spaces. Content legitimacy was affirmed by diabetes care experts. To set up face legitimacy a patient center gathering was led. The last survey comprised three segments having 87 things. The poll estimated the fulfillment on 711 diabetes patient utilizing the Likert scale. Further the dependability and legitimacy of the survey was evaluated by ascertaining item minute connections and Cronbach's alpha.

Kaur, Saini, and Walia (2009) built up a device to survey mother's readiness for conveyance, postnatal and new conceived consideration. The writing was checked on to set up a meeting plan. Content legitimacy (content correction, thing request amendment and thing wording) was finished with the assistance of twelve specialists in the field of nursing and general wellbeing division. The changed meeting timetable was pre tried for practicality in a town on 10 antenatal moms of trimester. Cronbach's alpha was utilized to check the inner consistency and factor examination was utilized to evaluate the develop legitimacy. After factor investigation 20 out of the 30 things instrument was held with five components.

A cross-sectional observational investigation was finished by Hamoudi, Al Ayoubi, Vanama, Yahaya, and Usman (2012) planned to survey the learning and mindfulness among diabetic and non-diabetic Nigerian populace in Kaduna state towards diabetes mellitus (DM). Non randomized testing technique was utilized to choose three hundred f