Nursing practice; Key leaders and historical events

 

How has nursing practice evolved over time? Discuss the key leaders and historical events that have
influenced the advancement of nursing, nursing education, and nursing roles that are now part of the
contemporary nursing profession.

Sample Solution

Nursing practice; Key leaders and historical events

The advancements in technology have created an environment that makes patient care more efficient and helpful for the patient. The changes in training, health care setting, growing responsibilities, nursing culture, and patient care have saved countless lives and helped it become the respected field that it is today. When nursing began it had very little to do with formal medical training and everything to do with your gender and willingness to do the job. Nursing began as a way to provide hygiene and comfort to sick and disabled people, and in 380 A.D. the first hospital was established. As the medical profession continued to advance, nurses were instrumental in caring for patients and helping them feel comfortable. Eventually, nursing was recognized as its own field. Florence Nightingale is considered the creator of modern nursing. In 1860, Nightingale funded and established the Nightingale Training School, which is now associated with King`s College London. She played a crucial role in introducing trained nurses to the world.

simulative monetary policy to solve the recession. The fall of Keynesianism also credited to the fact that many economists did not take into account the probability of stagflation (Blinder, 2013). Historical data pointed out that high unemployment rates were related with low inflation rates and vice versa, as shown in the Phillips curve (Khan Academy, 2017). The theory was that a high demand for goods increased prices, which in turn stimulated companies to employ more people. Likewise, high employment rates augmented demand. During the 1970s stagflation, it became obvious that the link between inflation rates and employment levels was sometimes unstable. As a result, macroeconomists were unconvinced about Keynesianism, eventually steering to the end of the impact of Keynesian theories in economic strategies. Monetarist economists, such as Edmund Phelps and Milton Friedman clarified a shift in the Phillips curve: they maintained that when companies and workers anticipated high inflation, there was a shifting up of the Phillips curve, suggesting that high inflation can occur at any rate of unemployment (Khan Academy, 2017). Unambiguously, they argued that if inflation remained high for many years, workers and companies would begin emphasizing its consequences during wage negotiations, causing in a quick increase of earnings and firms’ prices, which further quickened inflation. This enlightenment was an extreme case of criticism of Keynesianism, and Keynesians progressively agreed the explanation. This reduced Keynesianism spread and influence on economic policies. To conclude, it is evident that the spread and impact of Keynesianism was largely accelerated by the unmatched economic success and constancy in the post-war period from 1945 until 1973. The basis of Keynesianism was government intervention using active monetary and fiscal actions to normalize aggregate volatility in market economies. Its collapse could have accredited to the 1970s stagflation depicted by an instantaneous increase in both unemployment and inflation rates. Critics maintain that stagflation was an unavoidable heritage of demand management policies associated with Keynesian economy. The critical fall of Keynesianism was noticed by the end of the neoclassical synthesis conventional position because of empirical and theoretical weaknesses. The fall of Keynesianism was also triggered by the fact that many economists of that time did not take into account the probability of stagflation.