On the Contemporary African World


Identify and analyze four major roots of Africa’s economic problems. What are some of the major solutions proposed by African leaders and scholars to resolve such problems?

Sample Answer

Over a very long period of time, the narrative in the international media has always focused on Africa as the dark continent though currently there has been a shift in the paradigm and Africa is now seen as a rising continent. The reason the world has been viewing Africa as a dark continent has always been because of poverty levels and backward ways of doing things .Fundamentally, the several root causes of Africa problems can been summarized as; civil wars and terrorism, unending corruption, education and knowledge gap, and unfair trade policies. However, these challenges can be mitigated by Governments by ensuring transparent governance, investing on education and research, these initiatives and negotiating fair trade practices

In this paper, I will examine proactive and non-proactive coaching techniques. As indicated by the Nursing and Midwifery Council, a Mentor is an enlisted Nurse or Midwife who has effectively finished a confirmed 'Guide Preparation Program' and has accomplished all the obligatory skills (NMC, 2008). To be a powerful learning condition, Students need to feel in their situations that they are being bolstered so they can create to their maximum capacity (NMC, 2008). To be a successful coach, Huybrecht et al (2011) recognize that guides ought to have the option to give criticism, have involvement, inspirational mentality, time to be accessible and be excited. They additionally noticed that there are the two points of interest and inconveniences of being a coach which incorporates expanded remaining task at hand and time requirements yet guides who have been strong can be valuable so less perilous understudies are passed.

To be a tutor, there are principles that all Mentors need to keep as per the NMC. This incorporates having two understudies in the previous 3 years, a tri-yearly audit, partaken in a companion survey and considered their training as a guide (Mersey Care, 2015). I have been a mate guide to numerous understudies yet being a real coach has been a charming background however I have been fortunate to have an understudy who was eager and just been doled out one understudy nurture who has had the option to have the majority of my time with. I concur with the writing that there are natural elements which repress being a viable coach including being short staffed and time imperatives.

For a Student, learning in a Clinical Area can be fulfilling and testing yet a few encounters embraced can be an exercise in futility to the understudy (Baraz et al, 2015). As a feature of the Student Nurses course, arrangements are a fundamental part so they can pick up information and abilities with the help from the Mentor. A subject has been viewed that Mentors can be as too occupied to even think about providing the help required for that individual Student Nurses capacity. Coaches have discovered that because of staff deficiencies, diminished time and decreased number of assets that there are hindrances to showing Students (Emanuel and Pryce-Miller, 2013).

Understudies have discovered that a few Nurses will definitely bolster and enable them to commit errors in a setting where they will even now be esteemed and regarded. Nonetheless, a few Nurses discover the responsibility of supporting Student Nurses dubious and don't attempt to shroud their disturbance of having a Student. On nowadays, Student Nurses felt futile, their enthusiasm to learn was decreased and finished up them to be squandered learning days. Understudy Nurses know about how bustling the Clinical Environment can be and what truly are required are representatives not Students. This implied Students were valued by certain medical caretakers and felt as a feature of a group since they were being locked in and bolstered to adapt new abilities. This implied they had expanded certainty and perceived as competent in specific assignments (Levett-Jones et al, 2008).

Unsupportive Mentors now and again have disparaged the aptitudes that a Student as of now has. Another factor is that now and again Mentors can have such a large number of Students appointed them which implies that the Mentor can't invest an equivalent measure of energy with every single one of them, along these lines the help they need isn't accessible (Hughes and Lyte, 2009). According to a Student Nurse, a coach might be unsupportive on the grounds that they are not playing the job of being a Mentor truly. This might be on the grounds that the Mentor has not perceived the Students excitement which could prompt a breakdown in correspondence and subsequently influence their confidence (Kinnell and Hughes, 2010).

The Royal College of Nursing (2017) states that Students 'ought not be set in a circumstance where sufficient degrees of help can't be ensured.' If the position region is known to be unsupportive to understudies, the zone may not be the primary spot understudies who are qualifying before long come to. On the off chance that understudies have a fruitful position and a steady Mentor they might be convinced to go after a position there as a Newly Qualified Nurse (Elcock and Sharples, 2011). Guides have said that they have felt overpowered and insufficiently arranged for the job and trouble rounding out their position report because of absence of help. (Veeramah, 2012).

To be a successful learning condition, this should be where understudies can be permitted to find out about new aptitudes and strengths in a spot where they have a sense of security and can finish their capabilities (RCN, 2002). On a ward where I work, Students can find out about how to deal with patients who have long haul conditions which is a particular region and have the chance to visit various zones which different understudies are not ready to experience, for example, finding out about Dialysis. It has been proposed that pre-enlistment understudies ought to have chances to find and participate in the changing needs of the patient (Harrison-White and King, 2015).

Understudies in my general vicinity can gain from the patients themselves as they are proficient about their condition which can enable the understudy to relate the most recent proof they have learned and how this influence the patients care (Emanuel V et al, 2011). As a coach it is significant for them to be stayed up with the latest on most recent proof since this is expressed in our code that we need to pursue.

For Nursing Students, the learning condition and the job of the coach is essential since this enables understudies to create information, learning and the capabilities expected to end up enrolled with the NMC (Vinales, 2015).Nursing understudies who have guides who have worked in that specific region for quite a while can lose their aptitudes (Morris, 2005) which implies that Students may not ready to learn and wind up able in abilities because of them not being utilized in that claim to fame/zone.

To make the Placement region a progressively viable learning condition, there should be the ideal opportunity for the coach and different individuals from experienced staffto have the option to show the understudy anyway there should be adequate time however factors for this not happening incorporates cooperation, accessibility and correspondence (Fretwell, 1980). The understudy needs to feel that the tutor possesses energy for them and this beginnings at the earliest reference point when the underlying meeting happens. They likewise need to feel that they are a piece of the group and have the option to meet individuals from the group and disclose who they are to them (Smith and Craig, 2014). The Student Nurse likewise should be educated about their job on the ward and the obligations that are normal from them

Understudies look to their guide as good examples so a few tutors may utilize this as an educating technique. This might be utilized because of time requirements on the guide anyway this may not be the most appropriate route for the understudy to learn in the earth. This would include changing the conduct and methods for the understudy to be increasingly similar to the coach, yet on the off chance that the guide shows poor practice in the learning condition, the understudy would discover that these are the standard. Compelling tutors need to develop a connection among themselves and the understudy where the understudy doesn't hesitate to pose inquiries without feeling incautious (Ellis and Hartley, 2000).

Poor job demonstrating conduct would incorporate the understudy feeling like there was a climate among them and the tutor and not having the option to confide in them. Positive job demonstrating should begin from the bedside and understudy medical attendants ought to have events to observe how the tutor collaborates and participate when they feel sure (Murray and Main, 2015). As a Staff Nurse, some portion of the NMC set of principles expresses that we must be a good example to understudies and Newly Qualified Nurses (NMC, 2015).

In end if the understudy has a star dynamic coach, the understudy will feel certain and ready to adapt well in the clinical condition anyway because of difficulties, tutors feel that they can't fill their job to their maximum capacity. It has been brought up in the Francis report (2010) that 'clinical arrangements can't take on understudies or learners in zones which don't agree to crucial patient wellbeing and quality gauges.' This implies to give a protected learning condition where understudies can learn and be assed, Mentors need to confront day by day difficulties to guarantee that understudies who visit the clinical position zone get great mentorship they need and on occasion perhaps Mentors need support in this job.