Principles of good research

Engage in a coherent, philosophical debate and provide critique of the principles of ‘good’ research, as discussed by Hostetler in Learning Module One: Hostetler, K. (2005). What is ‘good’ education research?
Educational Researcher, 34(6), 16-21.
Part I: Compare Hostetler’s claims and beliefs about ‘good’ research with the beliefs of two of the theorists covered to date. Choose from Bridgman, Hull, Popper, Kuhn, Guba, Firestone, and Martin.
Part II: Develop your own conclusions and rationale for what you believe constitutes ‘good’ research. Describe the criteria you will use to determine this. Use course materials to support your argument and critical analysis of other philosophers’ works.

Sample Answer


a child moves in his society, he mixes with different shades of people some of whom are engaged in destructive activities. The anti-social elements have ulterior motives to make profit by converting the normal children into delinquents. This helps them to earn money through these young delinquents by engaging them also in antisocial activities such as theft, assault and aggression. A juvenile, coming in the clutches of antisocial elements finding protection or check from other members of society, is naturally driven to commit crime (Bhatia, 1977). This affects adversely not only the personality of such children, but it also creates serious law and order problems for the administrators.

(x) Cinema is also considered as cause of crime or delinquency because children are of easy impressionable mind. What they see on the screen they try to do as it is in real life. Present day pictures are full of criminal activities scenes like robbery, theft, loot and rape etc. The parents must be careful and serious in not taking their children to undesirable pictures especially with the crime scenes. The connection between movie and delinquency is considered to be quite close. Cinema, it is said, has an adverse effect on the moral sense of the children because of its emphasis on violence, crime and sex. Too crazy people for movies neglect their studies, turn truant from school and house. Quite often when they don’t have money for the cinema ticket, they resort to stealing. The undesirable influence of television lies in introducing an element of impersonal relationships in the family. According to Marie Seton,interest in films in the country (India) is unparallel, therefore, carefully planned programmes with appeal to different groups could be built up through suitable films.

(xi) Role of Press
The press through sensational news of crime stimulates delinquent conduct. Press plays an important role in making good and bad impressions on easily impressionable mind of the children. Children are attracted and lured by the headlines of a newspaper and clipping of news items on telephone etc. announcing the news of robbery, describing it as an adventurous short-cut to riches. The children learn the mode of committing the offence. Cases of kidnapping and child-lifting reported the daily and shown repeatedly are misguiding factors to the young who run away from homes or schools to commit offence. Jerome Motto, of the University Of California School Of Medicine, says that newspaper is one of the factors in encouraging suicide. He based his charge on finding that suicide rate in the Detroit area dropped by 20% during the ten months’ strike when newspapers were not available. He blamed the newspaper for their constant emphasis on violence, aggression, sexuality, power and notoriety

(xii) Cheap Literature
There is a general feeling and belief that cheap literature has an adverse effect on young minds. Main among the criminogenic effects ascribed to literature is its harmful sexual influence on young persons and secondly, its stimulation of criminal tendencies through attractive descriptions of criminal surrounded with an atmosphere of excitement and adventure. A more direct crimogenic effect of such reading is that its description of a particular crime may act as a direct suggestion or of a technical pr