Public Policy and Media

Discuss the Impact of Media on Public Policy Debate

Sample Answer

Policy making is a political process that requires public participation or the input of the citizenry and which is influence by several social and economic factors and the media usually plays an integral part in shaping the social context under which policy are made. Through the media, citizens get to understand how government policies are formulated and how such policies may affect them. Additionally, governments use media to evaluate and gauge public opinion with regard to the intended policy and make adjustments accordingly.

he objective of a dictatorial system "is to alter how individuals approach their venture and creation choices: what merchandise and enterprises are promoted, how they approach the delivering, where they find their generation offices, and the techniques by which they may advertise their products to their forthcoming clients." (Ebeling, 2018) In a despotism, individuals and organizations accordingly lose their opportunity of decision.

Charges in Autocracies

In many nations, individuals are eager to pay charges since they can see that the cash they pay the administration, is spend somewhere else in the public eye. These costs regularly add to the abundance of that specific nation. (Alm, McClelland, and Schulze, 2002)

Since a dictator has outright force, he is the person who gathers charges and the person who decides the duty rates. (McGuire and Olson, 1996) The dictator's "imposing business model over assessment assortment prompts him to constrain his duty rate." (McGuire and Olson, 1996) If he decides to gather more charges by utilizing a higher expense rate, his tax collection strategy lessens the national pay which implies that his assortments consequently start to diminish prompting less financial development and along these lines disagreeability of the czar himself. (McGuire and Olson, 1996) The impact of this reality can be found in table 2. Table 2 looks at the duty paces of various nations in Europe to one another. Belarus is the main nation in Europe that is a despotism.

Table 2

Sort of duty Belarus* Netherlands** European Average***

Annual duty rate 12% (Flat rate) 36,55 – 52% 32,7%

Benefit charge rate 18% 20 – 25 % 21,3%

Tank rate 20% 21%

* (Ministry of Finance of the Republic of Belarus, 2019)

** (Government of the Netherlands, 2019)

*** (European Commission, 2019) (Trading Economics, 2019)

The end that can be drawn from table 2 is that, in Europe, the distinction between the assessment paces of absolutisms and vote based systems is very huge and imposes in dictatorships are lower than in majority rule governments. To make this end all the more all inclusive huge, one can take a gander at the assessment rate in Cuba, a North-American totalitarianism. In Cuba the personal expense rate is 20%, the benefit charge rate is 35% (Frank, 2012) and the VAT rate is 20%. (Exchanging Economics, 2019) Also for this situation, the expense rates are lower than those in majority rule governments. Numerous individuals accept that this overall expense rate distinction among just and absolutist nations exists because of dictatorships not having a welfare state and subsequently requiring less government salary to invigorate financial development. In any case, as called attention to by political specialist Carl Henrik Knutsen, "a few despotisms do have broad welfare programs covering various sorts of dangers." (Knutsen and Rasmussen, The Autocratic Welfare State Resource Distribution, Credible Commitments and Political Survival, 2014) Knutsen contends that czars regularly execute such projects for political endurance reasons. Directed welfare programs enable czars to make tenable duties on the circulation of assets to their decision alliance additionally later on, in this way diminishing the likelihood of rebellions or upsets. (Knutsen and Rasmussen, The Autocratic Welfare State Resource Distribution, Credible Commitments and Political Survival, 2014) This implies the end that duty rates in absolutisms are low because of the absence of a welfare state is invalid.

The genuine explanation is that "the reasonable czar invests a portion of the assets that he could have committed to his very own utilization on open products for the entire society " (McGuire and Olson, 1996) He does this since it, in the long run, expands his assessment assortments. (McGuire and Olson, 1996) An expansion in charge assortments likewise implies that the czar has more salary for himself which implies his private utilization can increment. The primary explanation despots need this is they "lean toward private utilization over government spending." (Hollenbach, 2014) This outlines totalitarianisms rather invigorate the individuals' consumptions and along these lines get higher assessment earnings through the VAT, than really gathering more duty salary by utilizing higher expense rates.

As per the 2018 World Happiness Report, there has all the earmarks of being relationship between's nations with high duty rates and the bliss of the individuals. The nations Finland, Norway and Denmark all have high duty rates and are in the best three of the list, while Belarus, with exceptionally low expense rates, just arrives at position 73. (World Happiness Report, 2018) American political specialist Benjamin Radcliff contends that "more significant levels of tax collection propose more significant levels of fulfillment with life." (Radcliff, 2001) American business analyst Jeffrey Sachs underpins Radcliff and contends that higher assessments enable the administration to give progressively social advantages, all inclusive medicinal services and training and better foundation, which brings about more joy with the individuals. (Sachs, 2011) Nevertheless, as referenced previously, individuals need to pay charges since they notice that the cash they pay the administration is spend somewhere else. Notwithstanding, this solitary works in majority rules system, since in an absolutism despots "incline toward private utilization over government spending." (Hollenbach, 2014)