Seneca’s essay “On the tranquility of the mind”

Write a paper on Seneca's essay "on the tranquility of mind" analyzing one main point within the essay. Choose one point to analyze, and then elaborate on how that point relates to the rest of the main points in senecas essay, and how the chosen topic brings the whole essay together.

Sample Answer

 

1. Official Summary

The motivation behind this exposition is to ponder and assess two parts of my experience which are strife in bunch arrangement and group administration and relate that to authoritative conduct. The significant perspectives I have decided to talk about on are struggle during the gathering development, and group administration. This record has been partitioned into two segments:

In the main area of the exposition, I start by quickly introducing the association (Media insight) I worked for as a Data Analyst and further keep depicting my experience and obligations. Besides, I depict how Media Intelligence relegated a group under my duties to empower our area of expertise meet her month to month goals. The significant perspectives examined in this segment are the showdown I looked with one of my (colleague) partner during our gathering exercises and represent on the system I used to end the contention. By evaluating my general execution decidedly and contrarily, I would have the option to gain from my errors from the information I got a handle on from Organizational conduct, its speculations and apply them in future where significant.

In the subsequent area, I will quickly talk about the preparation I got at media Intelligence and access my authority in my group.

2. Presentation

2.1. Brief introduction MEDIA INTELLIGENCE

Media Intelligence is a business counseling organization made in 2002 by Rostand Tane situated in Cameroon-Yaoundé: Rue Elig-Essono next to OAP and is spent significant time in giving key information to organizations to better vital arranging and basic leadership. The significant center exercises or administrations at Media Intelligence are media explore, showcase ponders, focused knowledge, Media research and experiences (estimation, observing, and exhibitions). Each assistance has a division Unit as explained in the outline beneath and each mondays each Head of Unit or Unit Executive needed to introduce contingent upon the quantity of customers every office had for that period or month. The introductions where by and large organized as; giving a point by point instructions on the clients real and wanted needs, exhibiting how the work would be booked and arranged, and in conclusion giving arrangements (suggestions if pertinent) produced using current perceptions.

2.2. My Role and Core work

At Media Intelligence, I functioned as a Data Analyst and was blessed to be the Head of the Monitoring Unit. Heading the Monitoring unit inferred having some administrative and authoritative abilities or limits since I was required to prepare, create, and deal with a group of 5 media scientists. Our center capacities and exercises in the Monitoring unit were as per the following: following promoting Ads of every one of our Clients in the different Mass Medias: TV, Radio, Newspapers, Social Media, Outdoor (Ooh) which was the initial step. The subsequent advance was to give an itemized investigation on the week after week, month to month consumptions of our customers Ads uses, their rivals and BTL promoting efforts. The third step was to gauge the month to month broad communications uses all things considered and characterize them by segment of action as pursues: autos, Foods businesses, Beverage, Telecommunication, Air, Road Transportation, Forestry, Educational/Institutional, Financial(Banks, Insurance, credit Unions,) Health care and social, , Entertainment(Gambling, Lottery)… .and so forth. My job and capacities suggested sorting out, arranging, instructions, orientating, setting week by week targets and registration, revealing the gathering progression to the head supervisor. As indicated by Stephens (2000) [1] a group alludes to ''at least two cooperating and related people who meet up, sharing duties and utilizing reciprocal abilities to accomplish explicit objectives''. There are various sorts of gatherings ordered under formal (structured by the association to accomplish explicit undertakings or accomplish objectives) and casual gatherings (which are for the most part are social gatherings)

Formal gatherings

The order bunches are made out of cross utilitarian groups (useless) which are people formed from the association's outline and the people in that gathering report legitimately to the director. While the undertaking bunch then again are autonomous and take their own obligations cooperating to finish an assignment. [1] We had an agreement with a media transmission sponsor known as MTN who had marked a 5years inexhaustible agreement with the office and close by, we had different customers like Uniliever, Guinness, and Afrikland First bank mentioning a similar help. The serious issue the majority of this promoters confronted where with the media diffusers, who now and again didn't regard their programing neglecting to embed publicists Ads at required occasions as arranged by the media plan. Subsequently this greatly affected publicists in general activities beginning from their promoting to their creation procedures coming about to a drop in deals and benefits edges to a certain expand.

Having numerous customers close by, I was appointed to deal with the observing unit which was made out of 3 young ladies and 2 young men. We worked as a cross practical group in light of the fact that the gatherings had been created by the Media insight. Media knowledge had made an exchanging framework where every month, the record administrators (Team individuals) changed starting with one division then onto the next. This inferred every month, I worked with account officials from various divisions. The fundamental objective of this framework was empower the record administrators acquaint with the various administrations the office advertised.

2.3. Gathering Formation

There are a sure number of related speculations and approaches related to amass arrangement, for example, the parity, Homan's, propinquity and trade theory.[4],[2] The parity hypothesis which shows the fascination between people having similar qualities, and demeanors though the trade hypothesis then again depicts the advantages or rewards an individual gets in joining a gathering. Homan's hypothesis is appropriate to our gathering arrangement in light of the fact that in spite of the challenges and discussions, we made due as a gathering finishing tuckman's (1997) phases of gathering advancement. As opposed to the equalization hypothesis, we didn't share anything for all intents and purpose given that my colleagues had distinctive instructive foundations from the science and protection space to be exact and some even had a higher expert capability and experience than me.

Homan's hypothesis recommends that the an ever increasing number of people get include in bunch exercises, the more grounded their collaborations and connection develop. Our cooperations advanced step by step with time as we as a whole comprehended what we were attempting to accomplishing given the constrained time we had. As talked about over, the groups were task bunches which had previously being doled out by the association and had been executed in the Media knowledge's hierarchical diagram. Tuckman (1997) proposed a 4 phase model which he later changed to a 5 model on the stages utilized in building up a gathering which are shown in the graph underneath in figure 1. In the sections beneath, I will give a detail examination of Tuckman's gathering improvement stages identified with my involvement with the Media Intelligence on how I had the option to deal with a group which had been shaped by the association and obscure to me.

a. Shaping

At the degree of shaping, the association had just delegated and alloted colleagues to every unit. During our first gathering that held at my office, I attempted to make a well disposed condition whereby every individual was allowed to convey what needs be or herself contributing and sharing his thought, purpose of perspectives, encounters on how we could handle the work in order to meet the organization's month to month objective. The checking unit's objective was to submit 5 consistence reports month to month covering the distinctive mass Medias our customers expected us to screen their advertisements, their rivals methodologies and item situations. I opened the gathering by presenting myself, displaying my instructive foundation (features on last degree), if some preparation on the idea of work completed by the association, and proposed every part to introduce himself quickly. We later on continued in setting up our gathering rules like our gathering days, our correspondences frameworks, the significance of solidarity and the accessible assets put available to us.

Generally, the shaping was smooth as the gathering individuals where receptive, spurred, engaged and enthusiastic. Despite the fact that they were crisply selected, I making the most of their eagerness, ability, open inquiries, and jokes which showed their craving in satisfying the undertaking. We finished the primary stage which is for the most part portrayed by vulnerability and nervousness as proposed by Fred Luthans (1997). [4] The significant results of the framing stage which suggests understanding the gathering's motivation, deciding how the groups would be sorted out, and understanding their significant jobs or what is being required from them.

b. Raging

At the degree of raging, I recommended to make a calendar or timetable we needed to pursue which could empower us handle the work effectively and guarantee we were improving at the correct pace. So I prescribed each colleague to set their own every day and week by week destinations as far as information examination, audits, and work done as such as to know whether the person in question was improving given the voluminous measure of work we had. I gave a lot of techniques, which I accepted were the fattest methods for achieving our gathering objectives.

I was promptly tested by a woman who questioned, proposing it was smarter to work deftly in light of the fact that weight in meeting her week after week objectives could influence her presentation (prompting errors and stress). Her recommendations were very intriguing yet made a little quietness for some time, and I needed to get some information about their contemplations and purpose of perspectives given that we had 4 TV and 5 Radio channels to process, sort out the assortment of indoor and open air information. More to that, we likewise had every day press audits and internet based life screen

 

What is IBD?

Incendiary entrail ailment is a constant sickness which is overwhelmed by aggravation in the gut. The aggravation is the consequence of a safe framework absconds instigating the creation of grip particles and fiery cytokines by particular white platelets called macrophages. (Katsanos et al, 2018). It is a deep rooted illness which can be dealt with however not relieved. There are an immense number of medications accessible which increment the general personal satisfaction, anyway medicines can be exorbitant. Albeit safe framework surrenders have been distinguished the definite reason for IBD is obscure. A mix of hereditary weakness , natural factors and changed gut microbiota are altogether connected to IBD. Genome-wide investigation has distinguished transformations in the NOD2 as an expansion chance factor for IBD. The NOD2 assumes a job in directing the irritation procedure and cell apoptosis. (Eckmann and Karin, 2005). Such progressions to recognize explicit natural factors have not been made yet thinks about investigating hazard factors, for example, smoking, oral contraceptives, diet, breastfeeding, diseases/inoculations, anti-infection agents and youth cleanliness have been completed, none have created distinct outcomes. (Molodecky and Kaplan, 2010 ; Ogura et al, 2001). IBD can happen at any age yet most of cases are analyzed between the ages of 15 and 35. Crohn's ailment and ulcerative colitis are the significant sicknesses which fall under the IBD title.

Commonness:

IBD commonness changes geologically with the quantity of cases and furthermore the populace development rate fundamentally bigger in western nations than in creating nations. (Tontini et al, 2015). In spite of the fact that rate of IBD is settling in western nations, there has been an expansion in the quickening of rate of IBD inside creating nations which are have gotten industrialized in the course of recent decades. In spite of the fact that the frequency in these nations is still generally low when contrasted with Europe and America the pace of increment in speeding up of occurrence joined with the huge populace sizes of recently industrialized nations of India and China shows that IBD is a worldwide sickness. The treatment of IBD in the western world has seen an enormous move towards successful biologic treatments as of late. These organic treatments cost a huge number of euro per quiet every year which is a significant restricting element for social insurance frameworks and people in creating nations. The medicinal services cost of IBD in Europe is assessed to be 4.6-5.6 billion euros per year .(Burisch et al, 2013). The occurrence rates for CD in Europe is assessed to be 6.3 per 100,000 man years and 9,8 for every 100,000 man a very long time for UC. (Burisch and Munkholm, 2015; Van lair Heuvel et al. 2017).

Finding:

The finding of IBD depends exclusively on obtrusive endoscopic, radiologic and histopathologic criteria. (Mitsuyama et al, 2016) . Most of IBD patients can be classified as having Crohn's malady or Ulcerative colitis, anyway there is a modest number, approx. 5% to 15% of cases who don't meet the criteria for either. These patients are determined to have IBD type unclassified (IBDU). (Tontini et al, 2015). Both UC and CD are commanded by aggravation in the gut yet the example of irritation and how it shows up vary. Albeit a lot of the stage effector pathway of intestinal damage are comparative in both UC and CD there is fluctuation in a portion of the resistant cell flagging and cytokines included. Crohn's sickness influences the whole gastrointestinal tract intermittently, it happens in patches anyplace from the mouth to the perianal region. Type 1 Helper T cells have been distinguished as being associated with the pathogenesis of Crohn's malady. The sort 1 aide T-cell-intervened reaction is portrayed by upgraded creation of interferon-y(IFN-γ) and TNF-α. Interleukin-12(IL-12) and Interlukin-23(IL-13) control the separation of type 1 aide T-cells which TNFR2 receptors are communicated on. Ulcerative colitis influences the colon and just influences one square zone instead of a few fixes along the tract like Crohn's. The nearby reaction is less spellbound in UC than in CD. It is described by bunch of separation 1 (CD1) characteristic executioner white blood cell creation of interleukin-13 (IL-13). (Sanchez-Munoz et al. 2008). An altered TH2 cytosine is known to be included. (de Lange and Barrett, 2015). Manifestations are fairly comparative between Crohn's ailment and Ulcerative colitis with the runs, stomach torment, weight reduction and weariness are altogether detailed. Bleeding stool is all the more normally announced in Ulcerative colitis.

Medications

There are 5 prescription classifications for the treatment of IBD; Aminosalicylates, steroids, Immunomodulators, Antibiotics and Biologics. The two principle points of IBD treatments is right off the bat to accomplish abatement and afterward to look after reduction. Abatement is characterized as the decrease or complete nonappearance of side effects. IBD treatment isn't one size fits all, treatment shifts starting with one individual then onto the next relying upon the patient's needs. IBD treatment depends on a conventional advance up plan where the patient is treated by the seriousness of the side effects.

Patients are set on medications dependent on infection seriousness, anyway there are defects In the present arrangement of characterizing the contrast between gentle, moderate and extreme IBD. Frameworks frequently utilized in clinical preliminaries for Ulcertaive colitis sickness svereity estimation in patients incorporate the Truelove and WItts Severity record and the Sutherland file. For Crohn's illness the Crohn's Disease action file (CDAI), the Harvey Bradshaw Index and the Perianal Crohn's ailment Activity record are ordinarily utilized in clinical trail's to get to infection severeity and to screen improvement.

The Trulove and Witts list is the most generally acknowledged record to desacribe Ulcerative colitis and is the most regularly utilized in clinical preliminaries. Elements burdening the analysis can be seen in incorporate number of stools every day, precence of blood in stool, nearness of fever, tachcardia level, nearness of frailty which is esteemed as under 75% of ordinary hemoglobin focus level in the blood and ultimately Erthrpyte sedimentation rate which is the rate at which red platelets silt in a one hour time frame. (Wilhelm et al. 2017).

Truelove and Witts Severity Index for Ulcerative Colitis

Mellow Severe

Number of stools every day <4 >6

Blood in stool +/ - +

Fever – +

Tachcardia > 90 beats/min – +

Iron deficiency – +

ESR > 30mm/hour – +

ESR= erythrocyte sedimentation rate

- = manifestation not present in tolerant

+= manifestation is available in persistent

*Moderate UC is portrayed as symtoms among mellow and serious

CDAI score is an ordinarily utilized score to decide the seriousness of Crohn's in patients and it is affected by various components. Components adding to CDAI score incorporate; number of fluid stools per 7 days, seriousness of stomach torment, prosperity on a week by week premise, complexities present, stomach mass nearness and if the patient is consuminh hostile to diarrheal drug. Each factor is appointed an alternate weighting score and the general score permits the practioner to characterize the seriousness dependent on the all out score. (Siegel et al. 2018; Peyrin-Biorulet et al. 2016)

Crohns Disease Activity Index Scoring

CDAI score

Reduction <150

Mellow 150-220

Moderate 220-450

Serious >450

Serum, hereditary and mucosal markers can help isolate UC and CD into sub-classes. There have been ponders which have discovered relationship between's the grouping of specific markers and the reaction of the patient with specific treatments. A significant level of hostile to neutrophil cytoplasmic antibodies can be related with a subclass of UC patients however curiously these elevated levels are additionally connected with non-reaction to against TNF treatment. (Taylor et al. 2001). Correspondingly an antibodies to the yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae are related with serious Crohn's illness, characterized by fibrostenotic and inner puncturing malady in which minor-entrail medical procedure is required. (Bilsborough et al. 2016). With thinks about demonstrating this connection there is a possibility of future treatment approach in which patients treatment is chosen for depends on the sub-class in they fall into as per their there serum, hereditary and mucosal markers.

In the past the principal line of treatment for people with UC was treatment with

Aminosalicylates, steroids or immunosuppressants. Patients possibly raised to increasingly successful threapies when these lines had demonstrated inadequate or they lost their reaction. These first line medications were frequently inadequate at adjusting the course of the infection which is reflected in the high pace of medical procedure among patients. (Torres et al. 2017). There are various symptoms related with both present moment and long haul steroid treatment and it was discovered that numerous people experience illness endless supply of utilization. The side-influences related by and large corelated with portion and length of treatment. The side-influences combined with the high number of patients who experience the ill effects of endless supply of utilization related with corticosteroids prompted the advancement of Immunomodulators.

Anti-infection agents have been found to viable in the treatment of Crohn's ailment in certain patients yet there utilizes are very constrained in the treatment of Ulcerative Colitis. (Podolsky, 2002). Standard treatment with Aminosalicylates, steroids or Immunomodulators is adequate for abatement enlistment in countless patients however just half of patients accomplish supported reduction. These standard medications were vigorously depended on at first however with an insignificant half continued reduction rate and the various side-influences related with them the dependence has been lifted and there has been a huge increment in the quantity of patients treated with biologics in the previous two decades. (Guo et al, 2013). The treatment objective of IBD has likewise advanced from meaning to control side effects to now hindering the movement and interr

Alabaster figure of a famous antient Greek philosopher Socrates stands on the top of the books representing wisdom