Soil erosion

 

Soil conservation is an important component of sustaining our way of life.  All of our food is grown either in or on soils!  Nevertheless, every year we lose thousands of acres of prime farm and grazing land to soil topsoil erosion, development, soil pollution and other factors.  Watch this Youtube video to learn more about soil conservation in the United States.
A Culture of Conservation
Once you have watched the video, write a 4 to 5 paragraph essay reflecting on the following questions:

Observe the soils around where you live.  What are the factors that influence soil erosion (both positive and negative) around you?  Identify some of these soil erosion factors and describe whether they increase or decrease erosion.
Do you live in an area with abundant natural soils or in a city or town with little exposed soil?  How will the quality of the soils in your area affect agricultural productivity, water quality and runoff, and the long-term sustainability of your region?

Sample Solution

Soil erosion

Soil erosion is agriculture`s enemy; a major environmental threat to sustainability and productivity with knock-on effects on the climate crisis and food security. This is particularly true for places with the highest risk of erosion, such as watershed in Indonesia, India, the Philippines and more. Soil erosion decreases soil fertility, which can negatively affect crop yields. Vegetation, rainfall, soil, and topography are the primary factors influencing soil erosion, although other factors may be involved. The kinetic impact of rain hitting the soil causes water erosion, and water erosion will occur when rainfall exceeds a certain value in a single rainfall event.

simplest. A second related cost accounting objective is cost control. Organizations want to be able to reduce costs on their inputs and increase the price for their outputs. Cost accounting is a mechanism to identify possible areas of inefficiencies to manage and control costs. Managerial accounting information is used by management to determine what products/services should be sold, how to sell them, and at what price (DeBenedetti, n.d.).

For managers to determine the best means of improving a company’s profitability, as well as saving the company money in the future, cost accounting is a necessary system in the management of a company’s budget, providing valuable data to analyze variations in company production expenses. Variance analysis is a vital part of cost accounting because it breaks down each variance into many different elements of standard versus actual costs. Some of these components include material expense variation, volume variation and labor expenses variation (Luft, 1997, p. 215).  Understanding why these fluctuations occurred, when compared to what was planned, helps a manager to save their company money by taking actions that are appropriate to correct that variation and prevent it from happening in the future.

Managers are often faced with the difficult and daunting task of choosing between multiple products and deciding which one would be of most benefit to the overall profitability of the company. Once the product is determined, managers must then come to a consensus on the price that consumers will have to pay to purchase the item. Various factors come into consideration when this decision is being made; however, all costs associated with producing this product from start to finish play a key role in setting the appropriate price tag.  This information regarding variable and fixed costs related to specific products comes by way of cost analysis reports that are usually the responsibility of the managerial accountant.  Typically, managers must rely heavily on the accountant’s reports when deciding between two products. Also, managers may need to know what products should be pro