The Yukon Territory




Discuss what you see to be the main issues that need to be addressed for sustainability to be achieved in the Yukon Territory. Why are these issues key to moving toward sustainability?

Yukon is known as a result of its immense mineral wealth since the famous Klondike gold rush of the later 1890s, but the combination of an Arctic climate and remoteness from markets has limited the economic exploitation of such resources and the development of modern settlement. Like any

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Testing are significant in solid development. Tests worried about new cement are to check the functionality of cement. Tests on solidified cement are to discover the quality, creep impacts, sturdiness, and so on.

Testing of Fresh Concrete

Following tests are usually utilized to gauge functionality of new concrete:

(1)Slump test

(2)Compaction factor test

(3)Flow test

(4)Kelly Ball test

(5)Vee Bee consistometer test

(1)Slump Test

Most regularly utilized technique for estimating the consistency of cement. It very well may be led in the field or in the research center. This test isn’t reasonable for wet or dry cement. Mechanical assembly for directing the droop test comprises of a metallic shape as a frustum of a cone with 20 cm base measurement, 10 cm top width and 30 cm stature. Steel packing bar of 16 mm dia, 0.6 m long with a projectile end is utilized for packing. The inner surface of the form is completely cleaned and put on a smooth, non-absorbant flat surface. Shape is loaded up with four layers of equivalent stature. Each layer is compacted by giving 25 blows with the packing bar consistently. In the wake of filling the form and roding, the abundance concrete is stuck off and leveled.

Table: Slump and nature of cement


Nature of solid blend

No droop

Solid and additional hardened blend

From 10 to 30 mm

Inadequately portable blend

From 40 to 150 mm

Portable blend

More than 150

Cast blend

Form is lifted upwards from the solid promptly by raising it gradually. This permits the solid to die down. This subsidence is alluded to as droop of cement. The distinction in tallness of the form and that of the died down cement is estimated and detailed in mm which is taken as the droop of cement. Example of droop additionally speaks to the attributes of cement.

On the off chance that the droop of the solid is even, it is known as a genuine droop. On the off chance that one-portion of the cone slides down it is called as shear droop. Here, the normal estimation of the droop is considered. Shear droop additionally demonstrates that the solid isn’t firm and reflects isolation (Fig.).

Kinds of droops

Droops prescribed for different works of solid development are introduced in Table .

Sl. No

Nature of solid development

Prescribed droop


Cement to be vibrated

10 to 25 mm


Concrete for street development

20 to 40 mm


Mass cement

25 to 50 mm


Concrete for even highest points of kerbs, parapets, docks, sections and dividers

40 to 50 mm


Concrete for channel lining

70 to 80 mm