America is not the heart by Elaine Castillo

For each question response please provide a quote and page citation:
1. Please discuss 3 main characters from America is Not the Heart and explain how these characters provide a different vision of the Philippine/Filipino identity.
2. Discuss 3 major themes that we can locate in America is Not the Heart.
3. Discuss and provide examples as to how racial politics is evident in the novel.
4. Discuss and provide examples as to how gender politics is evident in the novel.
5. Discuss the style of writing for the book. Explain why it works or doesn't work for you as a reader.

Sample Answer


Lefebvre in his book on Production of Space contended that space is made by human in which they make their lives. These are formed by interests of classes, specialists, the grassroots, and other fighting powers, for example, interlinkage of geographic, condition, representative implications and schedules of life. Space is neither basically acquired from nature nor dictated by laws. Space is a unique which speaks to the utilization of significant worth, rose out of the felt needs and desires of day by day life.It is created and imitated through human aims paying little mind to the results. Space itself is a creation or the other way around for example economies produce spaces, other than delivering merchandise and enterprises relying upon the earth, modifications of nature and topographical of areas.

Lefebvre's bring space into marxism premise of free enterprise which shapes space not simply to accomplish ideological outcomes or to continue fitting conditions for generation on different circles yet makes a market space whose continuous insubordinate development mirrored the supplement for advancement, responsive course of action and ascent of homogenization among the industrialist that spared them from elimination. Lefebvre sees that inside this space the quest for use versus trades esteems push the industrialist all inclusive and into space that it compromises nature itself. He contended that specific merchandise that were once rare have gotten bottomless and the other way around. In any case, the very establishment, in particular land, space, town and nation were forgotten about or ignore by the monetary circle as well as was even make most exceedingly terrible by political circle.

Lefebvre's called to make new spaces that necessary an arrangement between reproduced large scale structures of governmental issues and economy from one viewpoint and regular day to day existence on the other. This is to be completed by pressurizing from the neighborhood levels or grassroots (resistance) where it will face the state in its job as coordinator of room to counter against the procedures, plans, and projects forced from above.

The subject of the investigation

Lefebvre is comprehensively seen as a Marxist scholar who made a basic commitment to the request of time and history. Every through hello there composed work, Lefebvre got a handle on the contemplations of Heidegger to appreciate our occasions anyway not something which could stay on. Space is conveyed in two different ways as a social course of action (method of generation) and mental advancement (origination) He fought that Heidegger's hypothesis on how the world is attacked by innovation, is basic to examine of how space is made and experienced.

For Lefebvre, Heidegger shows the best and the most exceedingly awful of life progressed from the prior period and prescience about the future . His work on the quintessence of development and its association with the advanced world is a significance. Both comprehended that it may not be possible to handle the issues of rationale from inside hypothesis, anyway that something different might be required. Lefebvre, along these lines, portrays countless his best-alluded to musings, for instance, the assessment of the age of room, and the assessment of consistently as a metaphilosophy.

Lefebvre was political in the wide sense as exhibited in his composed neutralize Stalinism and assessment on political points of room, structure, and spatial orchestrating. He discusses thories of state and assessments of state in the present day world where the Marxist musings ought to be related to contemporary issues, for instance, the express, the relations among budgetary and political factors, the issues posed by advancement and improvement, towns and country, etc and basic chips away at patriotism, the authoritative issues of differences and citizenship which are, as it were, dark.

Heidegger idea on Christian Theology

Philosophy is considered as the elucidation and elaboration of feelings which are recognized as given, and scholar usually feel obliged to decipher decidedly of their religous traditon. The philospher of religion is will without a doubt recognize as real the feelings of their strict traditon, yet he can't work in isolation from these traditons, beacuse there lies the object of his examination is to be found. It would be very problematic if not unbelievable for the philospher to convey an inside and out another religion, he ought to rather oversee what starting at now exists, regardless of the way that he is permitted to change this religion to a noteworthy degree.

The scholar is been the watchman of strict show, he has a lot to pick up from the mastermind concerning the perception of reality including God and the ideal and human relationship, anyway he also has something to educate to the philospher to be explicit how and why religion has showed itself the manner in which it has in his own religion custom. As to heidegger's, reasoning explicitly, various christian researchers have found his thought supportive for their explaination of christian feelings with outstanding refernce to the method for instinct (nature of reasoning) and language. Heidegger is hesitant to investiagte the significance of his contemplations for reasoning yet he causes an exception to this standard in his to assess of mysticism.

The association of 'Being' towards man, which Heidegger depicts the extent that relevation resembles the christian appreciation of God's association with man. Despite the way that it would apppear that Heidegger has appropraited some of these contemplations from christain strict way of thinking, his non-mystical reinterpretation of these considerations can be recognized by the researcher as a novel duty to the headway of christian strict way of thinking

The noteworthy fragment of Heideggerian philosphical strict way of thinking , likewise with any way of thinking, would be the possibility of god. As we have seen, Heidegger has nothing positve to state with respect to God. In any case, his criticsms of the powerful thought of God as the incomparable being, the essential the most amazing quality, etc have energized researchers to develope non metapysical thoughts of god.

Heidegger's philosphy is critical for the reinterpretation of various segments of christian strict way of thinking, for instance, Jesus christ, the assemblage, moral quality, organizations, etc ought to be left to the researchers themselves to pick. His treatment of strict subjects is huge for reasoning and for philosphy of religion and to the extent that his delineations of traditonal theory, man and god are exact , they ought to be consumed by the researcher. Along these lines, the full criticalness of heidegger's philosphy and theory as they coordinate to encourage the improvement of the strict conciousness of man.

Heidegger's on Hermeneutic Phenomenology of Science

Martin Heidegger has evaluated Kant's viewpoint in association with introspective philosophy interestingly rather than his own specific philosophical perspective. Heidegger battled the issue of experience develops fundamentally bacause man's goes past himself and in him there is subjectivity on the other hand. He battled that man's going past or greatness is a result of confinement or constraint. Human knowldge is made out of two segments knowns as fast intuiton and universalizing of decisions. The previous is open as it includes in a basic acknowledgment and the last as that human perception as not the producer of those article but instead it just ties together the unmistakable thought. He used Kant thought of man's confinements in the supernatural hover of figuring out how to express the quintessence of his guideline (points of confinement of person). Heidegger didn't yield the cenrtal part of science in the space of philosphy. He battled that its basic part is to reveal the exemplification (substance) of man. The job of man can't be recognized without a point by point examination of the pith of man in this present reality. Thusly, we have not way out but instead to anlyse the space of the transcendentalism of man.

For Heidegger rationale is not any more a matter of theoritical reflection or exploratory examination yet a powerful request. He guaranteed that science doesn't think, confines thought and sense guided reflection to the sensible, calculative errand of western imaginative space and advancing of science. We should allow ourselves to end up required being alluded to that search for what no development can find. Hencethforth, Heidegger essential way of thinking of science is to keep the request open and that is to make the request problematical.

Heidegger's analysis of philosophical way to deal with Science and innovation

Inoder to know how things are, rather than how one needs them to be, science appears to depict the manner in which the world is, rather than giving perspectival and organized assessment. Moreover, innovation , on the other is fathomed as just associated science, that is, the requesting by instrumental explanation of nature uncovered fairly by theoritical reason, undermines to compromises man into mentioning as expected the single strategy for revealing and thusly squares various strategies for perception.

Present day science may go before innovation by two or three many years, yet it readies the way for advancement since it starting at now has the exemplification of innovation, as it builds up data on the conviction of abstract portrayal (i.e., objectivity). Logical objectivity thus readies the course for the encapsulation of advancement to hold impact. That is, science and advancement start with a priori projection of a thought of nature, much as old (antiquated) techne began with an idea of the thing to be made. Present day science considers material science(physics) as things, that is spatiotemporally (identifying with reality) loosened up bodies subject to an understandability of forces quantifiable early.