Business drivers

1. Why are business drivers important?
2. How do business drivers impact operational security?
3. What "types" of business drivers impact your organizations operational security?

Sample Answer

A business driver is a component, condition, process, resource, or rationale that is vital for a business to thrive. In other words, it is something that has a major impact on a business’ performance.  Most organizations and businesses tend to align their strength, resources and material to the projected requirement of the goods and services they provide

Grygiel (2007) demonstrates that the activity of the procedure of metonymy depends on extensively comprehended contiguity of two elements, states or activities. The creator (2007) stresses that the working of the instrument of metonymy lays on physical contiguity instead of illustration where the exchange happens due to certain current or envisioned similarity, by and by, metonymy may in some cases be treated as a subtype of similitude.

As indicated by Grygiel (2007), the historical backdrop of English plainly shows that it is basic for language clients to take one settled or effectively saw part of something and utilize it to stand either for the thing overall or for some perspective or part of it (Lakoff 1987:77). The creator (2007) brings up that it is Taylor (1989:122) who guarantees that metonymy is an allegorical procedure, whereby one element comes to remain instead of some other substance due to their different inherent calculated connections, in any case, it is focused on that the employable premise of metonymy is by all accounts very unique in relation to that of illustration, since metonymy did not depend on the instrument of by and large similarity between the metonymic and the first idea, but instead metonymic procedures depend on genuine contiguity between objects.

Besides, Grygiel (2007) demonstrates that another distinction among allegory and metonymy which appears to have a lot of pertinence is expressed by Wells (1977). The creator (1977) says that the distinction among metonymy and illustration is that the previous is significantly more bound to an extralinguistic circumstance or, as it were, while most similitudes can be seen genuinely well without knowing anything about the extralinguistic circumstances in which the procedure of representation happens, metonyms require an information on these conditions.

To the extent theoretical metonymies are concerned, Lakoff and Johnson (1980) guarantee that, notwithstanding representations, they ought to be imagined as a related calculated instrument that is additionally integral to human idea and language. As per the creators (1980), metonymy has customarily been examined as a figure of speech or an absolutely etymological gadget, in any case, Lakoff and Johnson (1980) contend that metonymy, similar to analogy, is applied in nature.

Additionally, Evans, Bergen and Zinken (2006) point out that a few researchers have started to recommend that metonymy might be more central to calculated association than analogy and guarantee that similitude itself has a metonymic premise.

Evans ang Green (2006) show the marvel of metonymy with the model given: 'The ham sandwich has meandering hands'. As per the creators (2006), we should envision that this sentence is articulated by one server to another. Evans and Green (2006) demonstrate that the utilization of the articulation ham sandwich speaks to a case of metonymy: two substances are related with the goal that one element (the thing requested by a client) represents the other (the client). The creators (2006) stress that the model given shows that metonymy is referential in nature. As indicated by Evans and Green (2006), it identifies with the utilization of articulations to 'pinpoint' substances so as to talk abot them which shows that metonymy capacities uniquely in contrast to representation. The creators (2006) feature that for the sentence 'The ham sandwich has meandering hands.'to be figurative, ham sandwich ought to be comprehended as far as a nourishment thing with human characteristics, not as an articulation alluding to the client who requested it. Evans and Green (2006) reason that by methods for these two very unmistakable understandings it might be seen that while metonymy is the applied connection 'X represents Y', allegory is the calculated connection 'X comprehended as far as Y'.

Additionally, creators who applied the communication of metonymies and similitudes are Ungerer and Schmid (1996). The researchers (1996) manage the class LOVE which is imagined as an unprecedented case. Ungerer and Schmid (1996) show that, to the extent this class is concerned, the quantity of metonymies is generally little (aside from the metonymy dependent on sexual want), yet with respect to the quantity of reasonable allegories LOVE outperforms every single other feeling. The creators (1996) see that a large number of these similitudes are imparted to JOY and, what's more, there is a scope of allegories dependent on the metonymic association with sexual want (LOVE IS A NUTRIENT, LOVE IS APPETIZING FOOD), and furthermore complimenting examinations with enchantment and god (LOVE IS MAGIC, THE OBJECT OF LOVE IS), where, as indicated by Ungerer and Schmid (1996), the beautiful source is especially observable. The creators (1996) point out that what is surprising in correlation with JOY is that LOVE isn't just organized by 'positive' analogies, yet that it likewise appears to pull in a full scope of 'negative' reasonable allegories like LOVE IS WAR, LOVE IS HUNTING, LOVE IS A DISEASE. As per Ungerer and Schimd (1996), this likewise applies to the CONTAINER illustrations, where LOVE is portrayed not just as a liquid flooding from the compartment, yet on the other hand by the blast of the holder. The creators (1996) demonstrate that while it is anything but difficult to perceive how such negative illustrations may be utilized in verse to adorn the theme of adoration, their mix into the reasonable structure of a solitary classification is less practical.

Ungerer and Schmid (1996) presume that, to the extent the communication of illustrations and metonymies is worried, there is by all accounts a standard of pay at work which exchanges off similitudes and metonymies against one another. The creators (1996) see that while ANGER finds some kind of harmony between the two psychological procedures, FEAR generally relies upon metonymies, and JOY and LOVE depend substantially more on representations for their reasonable structure.

At long last, Ungerer and Schmid (1996) point out that disregarding the abundance of allegories accessible for LOVE and JOY, these illustrations alone are not ready to give a clean reasonable structure to both of these feeling classes, so they don't generally make up for the absence of metonymies watched for JOY and LOVE. The creators (1996) propose that taken together, analogies and metonymies may supply a specific reasonable substance to these feeling classifications, in any case, they can't be utilized as an immovable qualification between them similarly that credits can recognize object classifications like CHAIR and TABLE.


Let us start with a review of the verifiable moves and changes in the status of synecdoche as it is introduced in Blank and Koch (1999). The creators (1999) guarantee that in Antiquity, specifically in crafted by Aristotle, synecdoche was as yet contemplated as a major aspect of similitude, or rather, the three principle sayings: illustration, metonymy and synecdoche, were not yet carefully separated. Be that as it may, Blank and Koch (1999) see that in old style talk researchers recognized three, in some cases four, fundamental tropes or ace tropes: similitude, metonymy, synecdoche and incongruity. As indicated by the creators (1999), synecdoche itself was viewed as subsuming different subtypes and the bit comprised for quite a while of two subtypes of synecdoches: the part for entire one and the variety for species one (and the other way around), with the part-entire subtype being the most steady piece of this typology.