Gangs in society

Identify at least three (3) specific attributes that lead to gang violence within a community. Next, discuss how these attributes might have an impact on the gangs of a community. Provide support for your response.<br>
Speculate on why society has become harsher on juveniles that commit crimes than it has anytime in the history of the American juvenile justice system. Provide support for your response.</p>
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Sample Answer

 

A gang is a collection of criminal elements within a particular environment usually organized solely foe the purpose of committing a crime. Over a very long period of time traceable only in history, government efforts to curb the upsurge of criminal gangs have not been very successful. As their characteristic signature, gangs have the tendency of meting untold violence on whoever they prey on. The most fundamental question that needs to be asked is why the society in increasingly witnessing the increased rise in the number of criminal gangs and especially with more teenagers being recruited to the such criminal entities.

Nigeria, authoritatively, The Federal Republic of Nigeria, is a government sacred republic comprising of 36 states and its Federal Capital Territory, Abuja. The country is situated on the bank of West Africa, flanked by the Bight of Benin and the Gulf of Guinea in south and it is circumscribed by Benin, Cameroon, Chad, and Niger, it imparts sea fringes to Equatorial Guinea, Ghana, and São Tomé and Príncipe.

It is for all intents and purposes practically identical in size to Venezuela and is about double the size of California. With Niger State, one thousand 400 and ninety-seven (1497) kilometers is shared between them, eighty-seven (87) kilometers with, 700 and seventy-three (773) kilometers with Benin, one thousand 600 and ninety (1690) kilometers with Cameroon and a shoreline of no under 800 and fifty three kilometers. The current various number of States, of which there were just three at freedom, mirror the nation's turbulent history and the challenges of overseeing such a heterogeneous national element at all degrees of government. The states are totaled into six geopolitical zones: North West, North East, North Central, South-East, South-South, and South West.

The populace in Nigeria developed from 1990 to 2008 by 57 million, a 60% development rate. From reports measurably, it is the most populated African nation on the planet. The projection set by the United Nations gave an estimation of around one hundred and fifty 5,000,000 of every 2009. The National enumeration brings about the previous hardly any decades have been questionable. On December 2006, the registration's results were declared with an aggregate of 140,003,542 populace. The fundamental examination open was by sexual direction: the male sex numbered 71,709,859, and female sex numbered 68,293,08.

From the report archived by the United Nations, Nigeria has seen an ascent in populace rate which mirrors a high pace of development and ripeness on the planet. By their projections, Nigeria is one of the eight nations expected to account publicly for half of the world's all out populace increment from 2005–2050. The United Nations has anticipated that by 2100, the Nigerian populace would be between 500 and five (505) million and one point zero three (1.03) billion individuals, center gauge: 700 and thirty (730) million. While, in 1950, the nation had just thirty-three (33) million individuals.

One out of every four African is a Nigerian Citizen. At present, Nigeria is the seventh most crowded nation on the planet. 2006 estimations show that forty-two point three (42.3) percent of the populace is between zero to fourteen (0-14) years old, while fifty-four point six (54.6) percent is between fifteen to sixty-five (15–65) years of age, the birth rate is definitively higher than the passing rate, at forty point four (40.4) and sixteen point nine (16.9) per one thousa nd (1000) individuals separately.

Nigeria is a blended nation in with various strict gatherings which are classified into three significant gatherings specifically Christianity which are increasingly present in the Southern locale; Islam, all the more thickly populated in the Northern area of the Country; and Traditional admirers are sparingly scattered all around the nation. There are more than 500 ethnic gatherings in Nigeria; the three biggest are the Hausa, Igbo, and Yoruba in which the six geopolitical isolates them into the cardinals.

The Federal Republic of Nigeria got free from the British Colonial Masters on the first of October, 1960. The national government turned into a sovereign State with no outer impact on territories that has to do with its regional barrier, global relations, business and financial approach. Due to the parliamentray framework worked, the Queen of England was the Head of Government while the leader of Nigeria took on the situation of head of state. Its administrative arm was a bicameral framework with two chambers to be specific the House of Senate and Chamber of Representatives. The official arm of government had a Prime Minister and its cupboard which are chosen from the gathering with larger part individuals at the floor of the house by show. The Federal Supreme Court which was the high official courtroom was the principle Judicial power. The political parteies joined the nation with a greater amount of national intrigue.

The contemporary history of Nigeria-as a sovereign state fusing ethnic gatherings extending from 250 to 400 in number with differing social orders, available resources of political associations. This can be gone back to the finish of the British intrusion in 1903 and the amalgamation of the Northern and Southern Nigeria into the Colony and Protectorate of Nigeria in 1914.

The British Colonial agents vaccinated a structure of government at the hour of freedom in 1960. In 1963, an administrative arrangement of government was acquainted with make levels of intensity intrinsically and structure a-two-level of government that are autonomous and dichotomous in their own zones of impact. Federalism that undermines the sway of its part will cause struggle, a risk to national harmony and solidarity, and basic separation. Furthermore, it is imperative to note here that Nigerian country is divided as in it mirrors the high effect of the three prevalent ethnic gatherings, Igbo (East), Yoruba (West), and Hausa (North).

The most extraordinary experience, was the unrefined petroleum revelation and its misuse which has a long stretch effect on the monetary development of the nation, The undertaking for raw petroleum, began in 1908 and deliver a signifcant disclosure two or after three years. It was brought back by Shell and British Petroleum in 1937. The raw petroleum extraction got to an ideal point in 1946; in any case, the primary business exposure was obscure until 1956, at a spot known as Olobiri which is situated in the Niger Delta locale. Fare began fuly in 1958 which was refined in the industrial facility at Port Harcourt. Assets gained from continue on Oil was as yet irrelevant. Notwithstanding, the projections for constant money related improvement appeared to be idealistic and extra supplemented the political rivalries on the day preceding freedom.

Palm items, cocoa, cassava, peanuts and some other money crops were known to be the significant fare of Nigeria before the disclosure of oil which later consigned and took the consideration of the administration. During the 1970s, Nigerian was positioned the seventh oil creating Nation among the Organization of Petroleum Exporting Countries. The oil blast in 1971 totally changed the income channel of the country. Horticulture experienced disregard this achieving unemployement and expansion. Sadly, the world utilization of oil went down in 1975, and influenced the creation of oil, it took the mediation of OPEC in order to hold oil back to its exceptional value which had a gradually expanding influence on the Nigerian economy too and totally fortified the strategies of OPEC.

The oil-rich Nigerian economy, for quite a while, has been portrayed by renumeration and debasement, expansion, and sad administration of macroeconomy, is encountering extensive monetary change during the vote based time. The agrarian segment, exactly the little scale and enormous scale cultivating didn't get together with the ascent in populace pace of the nation which later went Nigeria to a nation that imports nourishment.

During the economy trouble that Nigeria endured, IMF came into salvage by giving Nigeria an obligation mitigate and 1 billion dollars store to help organizations of the nation and some auxiliary polices to hold the nation back to a light budgetary state.

Aggressor revolts in the oil locale, fear based oppressions in the Northern district and ethnic and strict clashes in certain States have debilitated and influenced the economy of the nation. The condition of inner security are enormously flighty which can be followed to the disappointment of government offices to whelp violences and crimes that have prompted loss of lives and properties. Such a significant number of individuals, for instance, the Northern part of Nigeria, have been dislodged or murdered, strict spots, schools, and emergency clinic offices have been obliterated.

Before the provincial experts offered freedom to Nigeria, it is accepted that all the district were forcely consolidated to frame one country. All things considered, it has been the cry and fomentations of certain gatherings that the arrangement of government isn't correct federalism. Some gathering of Igbos set off the Biafran war that happened between the time of 1967 to 1970. This war has to do with the call for severance of the Igbo clan from Nigeria. A large number of lives were lost, billion of Naira was spent, and even about dwindled the solidarity of the nation. The more youthful age that saw this war have not eradicated the moaning of there more established ages who kicked the bucket in this war. Of later, emergency have started on this Biafran issue once more. What's more, Kaduna, a Northern State has seen viciousness with the primary motivation behind usurping the incubent Emir which has come about into an absolute loss of life of in excess of a hundred (100) regular people. Such huge numbers of issues are springing up ordinary that is diverting the legislature of the day. In the most limited structure, it tends to be said that viciousness has eaten profound to the presence of Nigeria previously and since the beginning of majority rules system as an arrangement of government.

Similarly, warriors from the Nigerian armed force moved into Odi, a network of maybe 15,000 individuals, occupied with a concise trade of fire with the youngsters affirmed to be liable for the passings of the police officers, and continued to wreck the town. This was significantly because of the slaughtering of tewlve Nigerian cops on obligation in the network. February–May 2000 denoted the demise of more than one thousand (1000) individuals in an emergency that ejected from the establishment of Sharia law in Kaduna. In a reprisal assault pursued against the Hausa individuals living in Southeastern Nigeria, scores of blameless regular folks were executed.