The safety of GMOs

To what extent does scientific evidence support the safety of GMOs?

Sample Answer

In today’s scientific topic trends, GMO production and consumption is one of the most controversial topics. The acronym GMO refers to “genetically modified organism.” Loosely put, it refers to when a gene from a species with specific traits is injected into an unrelated living organism leaving it genetically modified. The use of GMO products for human good has elicited controversial debates by birthing two camps who are in opposition ideologically to its effect on human health. In this paper, my basis will be to look into the side of the camp that empirically support the safety of Genetically Modified Organisms and highlight their constructive arguments to that effect.


Jean-Paul Sartre and Soren Kierkegaard are two generally known existentialists who concur on a large number of the fundamental standards of existentialism, yet additionally differ on a few of the better subtleties. For instance, the two of them concur that what makes a difference most is activity. What an individual really does is the thing that characterizes the individual, and the way toward characterizing one's self never stops. By looking into how they depict the feeling of anguish – explicitly, in Kierkegaard's Fear and Trembling and Sartre's The Humanism of Existentialism ' we see another case of the two conceding to certain standards while differing on others.

In the first place, I will analyze what Sartre implies by anguish. Understand that Sartre accepts man is 'sentenced to be free.' We are deserted into this world, which means we are not here by decision, and once in this world, we have a degree of opportunity that difficult to get away. Having this outright opportunity implies that each move we make is the consequence of a cognizant decision from numerous conceivable outcomes. We are allowed to pick anything we desire, and any circumstance that includes settling on a decision has endless alternatives. We can't deny this reality, as doing so would be in 'dishonesty'. The following basic point to comprehend is that since our activities characterize what our identity is, man is answerable for himself. In any case, as Sartre clarifies, we are completely liable for ourselves, yet we are likewise liable for each other individual and for humankind overall. In his own words: 'In this manner, I am answerable for myself and for every other person. I am making a specific picture of man based on my very own preference. In picking myself, I pick man.' (EE, p. 37) All of this data is integrated to design Sartre's idea of anguish. That we have all out opportunity to act in any capacity we pick, realizing that there are no requirements or pre-characterized values that we should hold fast to, combined with the tremendous duty of knowing our decision impacts all mankind is the thing that makes one be in anguish. Man is in anguish since he 'can not help get away from the sentiment of his aggregate and profound duty.' (EE, p. 38) He goes on depict how anguish isn't a feeling that isolates man from activity like a window ornament, but instead it is a piece of activity itself. The case of the military head intentionally picking a game-plan realizing that he is liable for the passing of his own men, the demise of his adversaries, and for different types of decimation. In this model, anguish is characterized by the immediate obligation to different men that the activity includes. In the event that one endeavors to deny his all out opportunity or duty to all men (so as to keep away from the feeling of anguish), he is behaving inappropriately. In this manner, anguish is an immediate aftereffect of recognizing that we are sentenced to be free, tolerating the ramifications of such, realizing that we can't get away from our commitment to pick, and assuming full liability for our activities and their outcomes. While anguish is thought of by most as a negative feeling worth staying away from, Sartre accepts that being in anguish is being in compliance with common decency. This feeling uncovers positives to the individual who is feeling it. For instance, those in anguish are just in anguish since they've ascended to another degree of mindfulness. They have acknowledged and now see how altogether free they are in this world. It additionally uncovers that there are no prior qualities or good codes, and what you openly pick reflects what you esteem. To put it plainly, anguish reveals to man that he is the sole authority of his life. This is a reflection all alone awareness during which he finds himself.

Because of the second piece of the brief, I accept that Sartre and Kierkegaard (for effortlessness, I'll use Kierkegaard instead of the nom de plume) utilize the idea of anguish in fundamentally the same as ways, yet there are some key contrasts. For example, Kierkegaard's fundamental idea of anguish is equivalent to Sartre's in that man feels anguish when acting on the grounds that there are endless potential outcomes however he is committed to pick only one. Simultaneously, he should assume full liability for the result of the activity he picks. Be that as it may, Kierkegaard's idea of anguish has a couple of significant contrasts. He was a Christian existentialist, so he consolidated the possibility of God into man's total opportunity. Anguish in this sense includes acting despite all out vulnerability and putting total, relentless confidence in God. Kierkegaard depicts this as making an 'act of pure trust', or 'accepting on the quality of the silly.' (FT, p. 49) In Fear and Trembling, Abraham ends up in a circumstance where (he accepts) God requested him to murder his child Isaac. In one sense, he feels anguish since he can't be sure that it was really God or a dispatcher that addressed him. He is struck by anguish since he understands that he is thoroughly free, and with this wonderful opportunity he can do ghastly malevolent, for example, killing his very own child. Once more, we see the connection between's freeing opportunity and frightening vulnerability, as they work close by close by to make anguish. Notwithstanding the anguish, Abraham had absolute confidence in God, which Kierkegaard depicted as a teleological suspension of the moral. He really had confidence this absolutely dishonest demonstration of killing Isaac would have a positive result. Be that as it may, he has no chance to get of recognizing what the result will really be – just God realizes what will occur at last. So Abraham continues with the certified goal of killing his child, and yet he accepts that God will keep Isaac alive. By such solid confidence notwithstanding outrageous anguish and uneasiness, Abraham got as opposed to lost: 'Yet it takes a dumbfounding and humble mental fortitude to get a handle in general domain by excellence of the preposterous, and this is the fearlessness by confidence. By confidence Abraham didn't repudiate Isaac, yet by confidence Abraham got Isaac.' (FT, p. 49) This statement shows that, similar to Sartre, Kierkegaard accepted that the sentiment of anguish is to a greater extent a positive than a negative. Setting such solid confidence in God in an outrageous circumstance loaded up with anguish appears to harden one's 'total connection to the total.' If one feels anguish, that implies he is attempting to consummate his association with God, which is a definitive objective of a Christian. Additionally, like Sartre's way of thinking, anguish uncovers to an individual that he is absolutely free and responsible for his own life, with the ability to characterize himself through his activities. Being in anguish lifts man to a more significant level of reluctant reflection, and this leads him to comprehend his 'self' as being isolated from this world as in he isn't an item, however something higher.

I will close by clarifying how the two savants varied as far as characterizing anguish. Sartre asserts that anguish is an aftereffect of our acknowledgment that we are committed to browse boundless potential outcomes with no information on what the results will be. However, we should assume full liability for the results realizing that whatever we pick impacts ourselves exclusively, yet the entirety of mankind. For Kierkegaard, anguish results from uninhibitedly picking notwithstanding vulnerability, tolerating the hazard and duties of our activities, and having confidence in God that things will work out to improve things.